Wash your clothing and gloves as soon as possible after working with it. Recognized by the scientific name Convallaria majalis, the lily of the valley or sometimes written lily-of-the-valley is a highly poisonous, rhizomatous herbaceous perennial native to Europe and Central Asia. It is interesting to mention the leaves of this flower, which grow upside. You can plant bulbs in containers or directly in your garden. Daffodils (Narcissus spp.) The research also showed that tulipalin A and other tuliposide allergens were present in the stems, leaves and flowers of the plants. If consumed, any part of the plant has enough toxins to seriously sicken a person or kill a small animal. Florists and greenhouse or field workers who handle it on a regular basis are most at risk of contact dermatitis. Wash any areas that come in contact with alstroemeria immediately, advises the California Poison Action Line. Click to see full answer This tropical beauty has long stems bearing attractive, trumpet-shaped flowers in a wide range of colors. Alstroemeria Alstroemeria, also known as a Peruvian Lily, is one of my personal favorite flowers. ... (Alstroemeria) Not to be confused with Lilies of the genera Lilium and Hemerocallis, which are highly toxic to cats. Alstroemeria, also known as Peruvian, parrot, or princess lily, as well as lily of the Incas, is an exceptional cutting garden flower in the Alstroemeriaceae family. Major Toxicity: These plants may cause serious illness or death. In cases of skin contact, wash the affected skin immediately and call poison control or your physician for a recommendation of a specific response based on the symptoms. This article describes the varieties of Alstroemeria that are available, and provides tips on caring for the plants and how to ensure a good supply of beautiful cut flowers for the home. A small amount of tulipalin also escaped from an undamaged flower. They bloom vibrant flowers in all colors imaginable, except true blue and grow wildly particularly during summer months. Ordinary cloth gardening gloves may not protect you from alstroemeria's toxin, tulipalin. Jennifer Spirko has been writing professionally for more than 20 years, starting at "The Knoxville Journal." ), also called lily of the Incas, produce several small blooms on each stem. Peruvian lily is non-toxic to cats. It is a plant that can be poisonous and cause irritation, but despite this, it is one of the most cultivated and then cut and used in beautiful flower arrangements. Passionate for travel and the well-written word, Judy Wolfe is a professional writer with a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from Cal Poly Pomona and a certificate in advanced floral design. Excellent in summer borders, especially with roses, they can also be used in containers. This tuberous perennial bears orange or yellow blooms, with hybrid varieties available in a wider range of colors. The Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences indicated that tulipalin may be an airborne allergen, so protect yourself with a long-sleeved shirt and long pants when you handle the bulbs, plants and flowers. Toxicity Class (third column in table below). Alstroemeria are not traditional lilies which are extremely toxic to cats. Lower your risk of becoming tulipalin-sensitive by wearing impermeable plastic gloves. Her thousands of published articles cover topics from travel and gardening to pet care and technology. Spirko holds a Master of Arts from the Shakespeare Institute, Stratford-on-Avon, England. You may like Allium Roseum Flower You should mulch the plant well in winter in an attempt to ensure survival. Alstroemeria, or Peruvian lily, contains the toxic irritant tulipalin. Alstroemeria is a perennial plant also known as Lily of the Incas or Peruvian lily. Perennial where winters are mild, alstroemeria is a tuberous plant with arching, narrow green leaves. While not deathly toxic, they can cause nasty tummy or skin irritation when eaten (mouth irritation, vomiting, digestive irritation). Remove gloves as soon as you are finished, and wash your hands in warm, soapy water; be careful not to touch your face, especially your eyes or mouth, until you have done so. These hardy perennials have flowers resembling lilies, adding interest and visual contrast to gardens. Category 4 toxins cause dermatologic—skin—reactions, such as "a skin rash or irritation." Tulipalin may cause contact dermatitis, an allergic skin reaction, in sensitive people. A small amount of tulipalin also escaped from an undamaged flower. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Yes, you can. Minor Toxicity: Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. If you still develop a rash, call your doctor or your local poison control center. Avoiding these striking garden and cut flowers because of potential allergies isn't always necessary. She has taught writing at North Carolina State University and the University of Tennessee. Despite their pleasant appearance, alstroemeria plants posses toxins that are poisonous to cats. Any fan of cut flowers will instantly recognize Alstroemeria blooms, but these spectacular long-lived flowers are also excellent plants for the garden. Garden alstroemeria will be best suited to a perennial plant border. The reaction can linger for several weeks, notes dermatologist and King County master gardener Dr. Christina Merino, M.D, MPH, of the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. Alstroemeria. The California Poison Action Line advises that most plants toxic for humans are also toxic for animals. Its excretions can cause severe eye and skin irritation. The toxic substance in alstroemeria plants is tulipalin. Its blooms can last for up to two weeks in water. Contact dermatitis after exposure different to tulipalin normally requires at least a day to surface. What plants are toxic to dogs? Alstroemeria, also known as Peruvian Lily, is a genus of about 60 species of perennials in the family Alstroemeriaceae, native to South America. It’s named after Swedish botanist Baron Klas von Alstroemer who collected its seeds from Spain in 1753. If anyone ingests any part of the alstroemeria, call your local poison control hotline or your physician immediately. Is the alstroemeria flower poisonous to cats? Avoiding these striking garden and cut flowers because of potential allergies isn't always necessary. This long-lived perennial is easy to grow as long as you provide it with moist, fertile, and well-drained soil in part or full shade. Alstroemeria has become a stalwart of the commercial cut flower trade, as the flowers are colourful and reliable, and last for several weeks in a vase. The alstroemeria flower is a long-lasting plant and people love to have it in a garden. Family: Alstroemeriaceae. This makes it a good choice for gardeners looking for a versatile addition for their backyard cutting gardens. Identification Other names of the alstroemeria flower are the lily of the Incas, the Peruvian lily and also the parrot lily. Alstroemeria, or Peruvian lily, contains the toxic irritant tulipalin. They might herald spring’s arrival, but did you know that their bulbs are … Are Peruvian Lilies Poisonous Flowers for Cats?. This plant's lovely appearance, however, belies its toxicity: All species of alstroemeria—especially cut or damaged parts—must be handled with care. This list contains plants that have been reported as having systemic effects on animals and/or intense effects on the gastrointestinal tract. In the United States, the flower is hardy to Zone 7, but it requires winter protection. In spring and summer, its multiple stems bear clusters of yellow or orange, lily-like blooms. Alstroemeria ‘Rome’ has bright, cerise-pink flowers with darker streaks and contrasting grey-green anthers. The reason the alstroemeria lily can cause mild irritation to cats is because they contain ‘tulipalin A’, which is a toxin. Instead, these alstroemeria beauties are non-toxic to cats, relatively inexpensive and last for a really long time. For best results, plant bulbs rather than seeds. This plant is also poisonous to humans who have skin contact with the sap that comes from the plant. General description: A clumping, perennial herbaceous plant to 1m high with underground tubers.Commonly grown as a garden ornamental. An exceptional cut flower, alstroemeria (Alstroemeria aurantiaca) is now gaining popularity as a garden plant outside its native South American habitat. To be safe, wear plastic gloves when working with alstroemeria; ordinary cloth gardening gloves may allow the irritant, tulipalin, to reach your skin. Alstroemeria is often grown in a greenhouse for cut flowers, but some species and hybrids, such as A. ligtu will overwinter outside in North Carolina. The Peruvian lily (Alstroemeria spp.) The research also showed that tulipalin A and other tuliposide allergens were present in the stems, leaves … People develop sensitivity to alstroemeria's allergens over time. While humans may take precautions to avoid contact with the toxins in alstroemerias, pets are at particular risk for accidental ingestion. To search for photos of these plants, check the UC Berkeley CalPhotos: Plants site.. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. The ASPCA suggests that cats ingesting alstroemeria might experience nausea and vomiting. Celebrate an anniversary of your friendship with a life long best friend by handing over a giant bouquet of colorful Alstroemeria blossoms. contains tulipalin A, a toxin that may cause gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting or diarrhea if ingested in large amounts. Alstroemeria can cause both ingestion and contact reactions. See below Description. Most are hardy and easy to grow, blooming generously for many years. Category 2 toxins have "mild toxicity," meaning that if ingested these substances, including alstroemeria, can "cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea." They are listed under ASPCA’s non-toxic flowers for pets. The sap of the alstroemeria plant contains the compound Tuliposide A, whose enzymes produce the allergen, according to the Botanical Dermatology Database. This tuberous perennial bears orange or yellow blooms, with hybrid varieties available in a wider range of colors. It’s ideal for growing in a mixed ornamental border or as part of a container display, and makes an excellent cut flower. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Petunias are striking flowering plants native to South America. ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Phone Number: (888) 426-4435 . Since Alstroemeria is from the "Tulipa" family, its bulbs contain tulipalin A. Because any part of the alstroemeria plant can cause a reaction, gardeners may experience a reaction from such everyday handling as transplanting bulbs or cutting flowers. Phonetic Spelling al-stro-MER-ee-ah This plant has high severity poison characteristics. There are a variety of poisonous flowers that can be harmful, or even deadly, to humans and animals if ingested or touched. Characteristics of Alstroemeria pixabay.com. Lily-of-the-Incas or Peruvian Lily is a herbaceous perennial that can be grown as an outdoor perennial in the more temperate climates, or as a container plant that … Also known as Peruvian Lily, the flowers were first grown in Peru, Brazil and Chile. The Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences indicated that tulipalin may be an airborne allergen, so protect yourself with a long-sleeved shirt and long pants when you handle the bulbs, plants and flowers. Although referred to as a Peruvian lily, alstroemeria is not a true lily and is generally considered a pet-friendly choice that is not known to be toxic to cats or dogs. See below Description. Every part of the alstroemeria can be toxic. It’s important to educate yourself on the harmful effects poisonous flowers can have. The beautiful alstroemeria, also known as Peruvian lily or lily of the Incas, is native to the Andes. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Mysterious Alstroemeria image by LOA from, Missouri Botanical Garden: Alstroemeria Aurea, "Contact Dermatitis"; Direct Release of the Allergen Tulipalin A from Alstroemeria Cut Flowers: a Possible Source of Airborne Contact Dermatitis? The 16 Most Common Poisonous Plants for Dogs Pets are at risk for swallowing toxic garden plants. She has written for "MetroPulse," "Maryville-Alcoa Daily Times" and "Some" monthly. Phonetic Spelling al-stro-MER-ee-ah This plant has high severity poison characteristics. Alstroemeria plants, aka Peruvian lilies, grow from tuberous rhizomes. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening: Alstroemeria aurea, Botanical Dermatology Database: Alstroemeriaceae, California Poison Action Line: Toxic Ornamental Plants, NCSU College of Agricultural and Life Sciences/NC Cooperative Extension: Poisonous Plants, The Bulb Society: Gallery of the World’s Bulbs: Alstroemeria, USDA Plants Profile: Classification: Genus Alstroemeria L. Like most true lilies, the plant material and flowers are too poisonous to eat or use for tea. Tulipalin is a contact allergen, which means it causes a reaction on touch, as well as an ingested allergen, causing a reaction if swallowed. Originated from Peru, South America, this flower is a member of a liliaceous plant from the genus Alstroemeria. The cause of this toxicity is the compound tulipalin, which is produced when plant tissues are damaged—for example by a cut. 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