Israel's temporary rejection, foreknown by God, will end with regathering and salvation. << Previous | Index | Next >>. The key personalities in the book of Romans are the Apostle Paul, and Phoebe who delivered this letter. In Romans 2, Paul springs a bit of a trap for religious people, especially for religious Jews living under the law. Purpose of Writing: As with all Paul’s epistles to the churches, his purpose in writing was to proclaim the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ by teaching … that he should be the heir of the world--or, that "all the families of the earth should be blessed in him." Romans 4:4. All rights reserved. ON ROMANS - CHAPTER 4 ROMANS 4:1-25 THIS chapter beautifully connects with all that precedes it. Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be--that is, Such "as the stars of heaven," Genesis 15:5 . (6) Nothing gives more glory to God than simple faith in His word, especially when all things seem to render the fulfilment of it hopeless ( Romans 4:18-21 ). Romans 4 - A Study Guide by Mark A. Copeland. In the second half of Romans 1, Paul described the downward progression followed by humanity in our sin. 14. Paul concludes his comments about his beloved Israel. before--that is, "in the reckoning of." As such, God named the “father of all nations.”. ( Rom 4:1-3) Abraham was not justified by works, but declared righteous through faith. Throughout this whole argument, faith is set in direct opposition to works, in the matter of justification--and even in Romans 4:4 Romans 4:5 . Romans 11 - God will regather Israel’s grace remnant for blessing. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. The KEY WORDS in Romans chapter 4 are "believe" and "faith." . 2 If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. Romans 4:1-25 . 24. to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe in him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead--in Him that hath done this, even as Abraham believed that God would raise up a seed in whom all nations should be blessed. Romans is an invaluable document of the early church because it is a methodical portrayal of the gospel that Paul preached. God promised Abraham that his descendants would be made into many nations. It is plain, that we are not justified by the merit of our own works, but by faith in Jesus Christ and his righteousness; which is the truth urged in this and the foregoing chapter, as the great spring and foundation of all comfort. That justification is by faith: That it is free for the gentiles. 1. Their proper use is to set a divine seal upon a state already existing, and so, they presuppose, and do not create it ( Romans 4:8-12). The book of Romans is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). 4, 5. Beyond all doubt it means exclusively a change upon men's state or relation to God; or, in scientific language, it is an objective, not a subjective change--a change from guilt and condemnation to acquittal and acceptance. 9-12. 1. David here sings in express terms only of "transgression forgiven, sin covered, iniquity not imputed"; but as the negative blessing necessarily includes the positive, the passage is strictly in point. 3, that is, the vindication of God's righteousness in calling Jews and Gentiles in one body, that of Christ, with no distinctions between them. 4 Now, when someone works, the wages for this are not considered as a favour but as due;. For what saith the scripture? (Read Romans 4:23-25) The history of Abraham, and of his justification, was recorded to teach men of after-ages; those especially to whom the gospel was then made known. 1-3. The meaning, therefore, cannot possibly be that the mere act of believing--which is as much a work as any other piece of commanded duty ( John 6:29 , 1 John 3:23 )--was counted to Abraham for all obedience. 16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. Abraham and David Demonstrate Righteousness Apart from Works. Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Romans and some shout-outs to his friends in Rome. Introduction. Paul uses this illustration to prove that Gentiles were part of this promise given to Abraham. 3 What does Scripture say? 3. 5. For the same reason, the first requisite, in order to justification, must be (under the conviction that we are "ungodly") to despair of it by works; and the next, to "believe in Him that justifieth the ungodly"--that hath a justifying righteousness to bestow, and is ready to bestow it upon those who deserve none, and to embrace it accordingly. 21. This chapter is a development of the thought expressed in Rom. All Rights Reserved. It the longest and the most famous of all the Apostle’s writings to Christians at Rome whom he hoped soon to visit. For what saith the, Scripture? A. Abraham is declared righteous through faith. 19. he considered not, &c.--paid no attention to those physical obstacles, both in himself and in Sarah, which might seem to render the fulfilment hopeless. but through the righteousness of faith--in virtue of his simple faith in the divine promises. THE FOREGOING DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH ILLUSTRATED FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT. Second: David sings of the same justification. This is a summary of the fourth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. 7, 8. That is to say, to him who hopes to be saved by his works, to whom salvation is of merit. A summary of Romans, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. As it is written, &c.--( Genesis 17:5 ). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 22. was counted to him for righteousness--( Genesis 15:6 ). Summary. And being fully persuaded, &c.--that is, the glory which Abraham's faith gave to God consisted in this, that, firm in the persuasion of God's ability to fulfil his promise, no difficulties shook him. was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law--in virtue of obedience to the law. Now to him that worketh--as a servant for wages. Their proper use is to set a divine seal upon a state already existing, and so, they presuppose, and do not create it ( Romans 4:8-12 ). . Paul wrote the letter to the believers in Rome, hence the name “Romans”. Chapter Overview: Having proved it by argument, he now proves by example, and such example as must have greater weight with the Jews than any other. 17. even God, quickeneth the dead--The nature and greatness of that faith of Abraham which we are to copy is here strikingly described. CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: Greetings. Romans 4 is proof that faith has always been the means for justification. The meaning plainly is that Abraham believed in the promises which embraced Christ ( Genesis 12:3 , 15:5 , &c.), as we believe in Christ Himself; and in both cases, faith is merely the instrument that puts us in possession of the blessing gratuitously bestowed. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. He has earned it. This book has caused many to come to saving faith as they are walked down the Roman Road of Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23 and many others. 15. Genesis 15:6 says clearly that Abraham believed God and that faith—his trusting belief in God—was counted to Abraham as righteousness. He staggered--hesitated not . believed in hope--that is, cherished the believing expectation. The Book of Romans. 4:13-17 It was not through law that there came to Abraham or to his seed the promise that he would inherit the earth, but it came through that right relationship with God which has its origin in faith. Romans 16:22 indicates that Paul used a man named Tertius to transcribe his words. The theme of chapter four concerns a great “discovery” made by our Father Abraham. And therefore it was imputed, &c.--"Let all then take notice that this was not because of anything meritorious in Abraham, but merely because he so believed.". Abraham believed God, and it--his faith. For if they which are of the law be heirs--If the blessing is to be earned by obedience to the law. And, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. God did not grant him this promise because of the things he did, but rather because of his faith in God. Salem Media Group. Abraham was blessed by God because of he accepted the covenant with Him. And we are all certain to receive it, … Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. his faith. And to this agree the words of Scripture. Romans 4-5 New International Version (NIV) Abraham Justified by Faith. for where there is no law, there is no transgression--It is just the law that makes transgression, in the case of those who break it; nor can the one exist without the other. God wasn't paying him back for something. Date of Writing: The Book of Romans was likely written A.D. 56-58. Instead, God reveals himself and his plan to us. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To understand how Abraham was justified in God's sight 2) To see that the "righteousness" God imputes to man is actually justification (i.e., forgiveness) 3) To comprehend the nature of justifying faith by considering the example of Abraham … But to him that worketh not--who, despairing of acceptance with God by "working" for it the work of obedience, does not attempt it. is the reward not reckoned of grace--as a matter of favor. the blessedness of the man unto whom the Lord imputeth righteousness without works--whom, though void of all good works, He, nevertheless, regards and treats as righteous. Therefore, &c.--A general summary: "Thus justification is by faith, in order that its purely gracious character may be seen, and that all who follow in the steps of Abraham's faith--whether of his natural seed or no--may be assured of the like justification with the parent believer.". 23-25. 16-17 So the promise is received by faith. In the first chapter the Apostle had announced that ‘the righteousness of God’ was revealed in the Gospel, which is on that account the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth. These key words are found in Romans 4, verses 3,5,11,12,13,14,16,18,19,20, and 24. But to him that worketh not — It being impossible he should without faith.. L et’s take a close look at Romans chapter 3 and study it together and add some personal commentary to it. Of course, in the spiritual realm we really do not make discoveries. Paul reflects back to the Old Testament patriarchs who were justified by faith, not works, to illustrate his point. 20. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. How do we know this? This is quoted to justify his calling Abraham the "father of us all," and is to be viewed as a parenthesis. 5 however, when someone, without working, puts faith in the one who justifies the godless, it is this faith that is reckoned as uprightness.. 6 David, too, says the same: he calls someone blessed if God attributes uprightness to that person, apart from any action undertaken: Romans 4:14 "For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of … Paul’s desire to visit Rome. (1-3) Abraham was not justified by works, but declared righteous through faith.. What then shall we say that Abraham... 2. Abraham Justified by Faith. Note, (1) The doctrine of justification by works, as it generates self-exaltation, is contrary to the first principles of all true religion ( Romans 4:2 ; and (2) The way of a sinner's justification has been the same in all time, and the testimony of the Old Testament on this subject is one with that of the New ( Romans 4:3 , &c., and (3) Faith and works, in the matter of justification, are opposite and irreconcilable, even as grace and debt ( Romans 4:4 Romans 4:5 ; and be, in any sense or to any degree, the ground of justification. (4-5) A distinction made between grace and works.. Now to him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as... 3. Justification By Faith As Presented In Romans Four {It is the belief of the writer that JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH involves: a heart bowed in loving allegiance to and trust in Jesus Christ, which produces voluntary and unqualified submission to His authority, expressed in obedience. our offences--that is, in order to expiate them by His blood. 6 David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to whom God credits righteousness apart from works: Because the law worketh wrath--has nothing to give to those who break is but condemnation and vengeance. Please leave your own comment so that we can all learn from one another. of Romans Chapter 4 discusses how circumcision is not what makes a person righteous, but it is a sign … Though Israel is now under God's discipline he has not rejected her. Now, &c.--Here is the application of this whole argument about Abraham: These things were not recorded as mere historical facts, but as illustrations for all time of God's method of justification by faith. Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Proud member 25. Who was delivered for--"on account of." But God having made the promise, Abraham believed Him in spite of those obstacles. Romans 4. Author: Romans 1:1 identifies the author of the Book of Romans as the apostle Paul. Do not talk about grace in that case. 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but u not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly--casts himself upon the mercy of Him that justifieth those who deserve only condemnation. The same is probably true even regarding many “discoveries” made in the secular world. but of debt--as a matter of right. 4:28-29 near the close of Rom. 16, 17. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Saying, Blessed, &c.--( Psalms 32:1 Psalms 32:2 ). This is still further illustrated in what follows. 18-22. Who against hope--when no ground for hope appeared. (8) Justification, in this argument, cannot be taken--as Romanists and other errorists insist--to mean a change upon men's character; for besides that this is to confound it with Sanctification, which has its appropriate place in this Epistle, the whole argument of the present chapter--and nearly all its more important clauses, expressions, and words--would in that case be unsuitable, and fitted only to mislead. Beginning in Romans 3, Paul continues his explanation in a pattern he regularly follows throughout … Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The Book of Romans is among my favorites in the entire Bible. The Book of Romans Chapter 4. But believeth, his faith is imputed to him for righteousness — Therefore God's affirming of Abraham, that faith was imputed to him for righteousness, plainly shows that he worked not; or, in other words, that he was not justified by works, but by faith only. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Romans 10:3-4 “For, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, … 2. and raised again for--"on account of," that is, in order to. our justification--As His resurrection was the divine assurance that He had "put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself," and the crowning of His whole work, our justification is fitly connected with that glorious act. Abraham's was justified as God's gift to him. Romans 4:5. The Old Testament proves it (as shown by Abraham and David)! Romans 4:1 "What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?" 4 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, t our forefather according to the flesh? (4) The sacraments of the Church were never intended, and are not adapted, to confer grace, or the blessings of salvation, upon men. (7) All the Scripture examples of faith were recorded on purpose to beget and encourage the like faith in every succeeding age ( Romans 4:23 Romans 4:24 ; and compare Romans 15:4 ). A. Abraham is declared righteous through faith. 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