Without ventilation or sufficient water, about 15% grew sick and died. For many Africans, what fate was preferable to slavery?Why? On some ships, where the slaves were the property of many different owners, they would be branded to identify them. Life at Sea: Middle Passage Page 3 of 7 The Atlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration of people by sea in history. Created in 1787, the image depicts a slave ship loaded to its full capacity – 454 people crammed into the hold. Teaching Tolerance provides free resources to educators—teachers, administrators, counselors and other practitioners—who work with children from kindergarten through high school. First-person accounts of the Middle Passage are very rare. by irish3287. 10% means over 1,000,000 Africans died on board the ships, 20% represents over 2,000,000 deaths. African slaves brought to the Americas were part of the “Middle Passage,” a voyage that began in Europe, stopped in Africa to unload supplies and pick up enslaved human cargo, and then traveled to American ports on the eastern coast to trade that human cargo for goods that were then shipped back to Europe. 15. Favorite Answer They were wooden ships crammed with slaves, sometimes stacked on top of each other like cargo, with vomit and pheces everywhere from sea … 4. Conditions were terrible lots of slaves got sores and cuts from the leg and hand 'cuffs' and when they were put on top of the deck to dance and get their exercise they sometimes got washed with sea water which hurt due to salty water being put on their sores. Ships of Slaves: The Middle Passage Awards and Nominations. Dec 31, 2012 - Explore Charles Alexander's board "Middle Passage & Black Slavery", followed by 612 people on Pinterest. Eighth graders locate the Middle passage and describe the experiences of slaves in the Middle Passage. Middle Passage movie guide - HIS-201 HARVARD Steven Spielbergs Middle Passage Documentary Film Questions Answer these questions as thoroughly and, 2 out of 3 people found this document helpful, Answer these questions as thoroughly and completely as you can. “Slaver” ships were specifically designed for maximizing the numbers of African men, women, and children that slave-trading captains and their crews could bring to the Americas. 2. This brochure covers what the Middle Passage was, slave jobs and the influence of African culture brought by the slaves to America. The Africans were declared kidnapped and were allowed to return home. African men, women and children were taken by ship to the Americas, where the conditions on-board were terrible. Simply type your, responses in the space below the question. 4. Life at Sea: Middle Passage Page 3 of 7 The Atlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration of people by sea in history. A slave ship was a regular merchant navy ship. In this Middle Passage lesson, 8th graders describe life as a slave during the Middle Passage. Contributed by Brendan Wolfe. This increased speed reduced Middle Passage death rates. Describe the Middle Passage of the slave trade. The African slaves were viewed as cargo by the merchants and were packed into the ships with no regard to their basic human rights. It was one leg of the triangular trade route that took goods from Europe to Africa, Africans to work as slaves in the Americas and the West Indies, and items produced on the plantations back to Europe. It was considered the middle leg of the transatlantic trade triangle. Explain the context around the slave ship. List the slave produced items. The time spent by Africans in slave ships during the crossing of the Atlantic was commonly referred to as the ‘Middle Passage’. The average losses were between 10 and 20%, through sickness, suicide and even murder at the hands of the slave crew and captains. Diseases 2. Slave “Quarters” 3. Crowded and unsanitary conditions resulted in massive disease outbreaks on ships. It was so-called because it was the middle section of the trade route taken by many of the ships. The Middle Passage (or Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade) was a voyage that took slaves from Africa to the Americas via tightly packed ships. With Debbie Allen, Jon Erik, Steven Spielberg. Where did the Triangular Trade begin and end? Crowded with no ventilation, hot, filthy, and contaminated with diseases. A few ships crossed the Middle Passage without any deaths. The captives were about to embark on the infamous Middle Passage, so called because it was the middle leg of a three-part voyage -- a voyage that began and ended in Europe. Drumming and hornblowing were forbidden among slaves in the new world because (a) It made the slaves homesick (b) It was considered noisy and disruptive Menu. 30 minutes ago. Olaudah Equiano’s first-person account recalls his terrifying journey as an 11-year-old captive aboard a slave ship from Africa to Barbados in 1756. What types of goods What you're referring to is before the … Unfavorable weather conditions could make the trip much longer. West African Empires and the Middle Passage DRAFT. Adaptation Study Guide . phillips is a captain on the slave ship to Barbados. What was the result of the Amistad trial? Where is it going? They used chains, threatened, humiliated, and terrorized them, They were dungeons/temporary prisons for slaves, They had fire power, technology, and wealth. Olaudah Equiano’s first-person account recalls his terrifying journey as an 11-year-old captive aboard a slave ship from Africa to Barbados in 1756. This brochure covers what the Middle Passage was, slave jobs and the influence of African culture brought by the slaves to America. Slave Ship Diagram. What discovery brought Europeans to Africa? They would trade the materials in Africa for slaves. 10 Qs . Why would they do this? This research guide gives an overview of the major primary sources at The National Archives that relate to aspects of the slave trade, slavery and unfree labour in the British Caribbean and American colonies. Please see our guide to updating awards. Late work will not be accepted. What were conditions like in the slave ships during the middle passage? Why did some African leaders work with the slave traders? Money was offered and they were sometimes threatened to gather slaves. The Middle PassageThe voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies and later to North and South America was known as the middle passage. In the water, there were often sharks, which followed the ships in warm waters, feeding off refuse. A documentary narrated by Debbie Allen that chronicles the the plight of African-Americans during the Middle Passages and the Atlantic Slave Trade. The first section (the ‘Outward Passage’ ) was from Europe to Africa. Answer: 1. The "middle passage," which brought the slaves from West Africa to the West Indies, might take three weeks. Records relating to transportation of slaves and goods. The "Middle Passage" is the term used to describe the forced journey of African slaves across the Atlantic Ocean to the American continents. The Middle Passage For the captive Africans aboard a slave ship, the voyage to the New World was a passage of nearly unimaginable horror. England (Europe). For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! What was the length of the journey to the New World? This brochure covers what the Middle Passage was, slave jobs and the influence of African culture brought by the slaves to America. Overview. Do NOT change the formatting on this document. Slave ships spent several months travelling to different parts of the coast, buying their cargo. Life on board slave ships. Middle Passage, the forced voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the New World. 3. D. slaves were often chained in the middle of large groups. I will just talk about how young people from Africa, mostly men but also women, resisted their deportation and enslavement aboard the Nantes slave trade ships during the 18th century. The year is 1839. The slaves had no way of knowing where they were going [or] when, if ever, they would get there. Humans were packed together on or below decks without space to sit up or move around. 1. The other answer choices — colonial farms, milling of lumber, and molasses and sugar — were all patterns of commerce but weren’t uses of rum. There is a … They built the ships. The Middle Passage was the crossing from Africa to the Americas, which the ships made carrying their ‘cargo’ of slaves. 5th grade . What was the most significant impact of the slave trade on the Africans? The captives were often in poor health from the physical and mental abuse they had suffered. Last week, in the course of working on an entry about slave ships and the Middle Passage, I had occasion to write the following paragraph:. Describe the Middle Passage. The slave ship was the means by which nearly 12.5 million enslaved Africans were transported from Africa to the Americas between 1500 and 1866. What was the “middle passage?” The middle passage was the middle of the slave trade. How did the slave trade persist despite its ban? This A-to-Z reference consists of 226 signed entries arranged alphabetically, exhaustively covering the Middle Passage from a variety of perspectives for student research and browsing. If their kidnappers did not let them, they had the right to kill the kidnappers, Describe what happened to the Africans once they arrived in the New World, Families were split up, stripped, and whipped. Do NOT change the formatting on this. Ships would leave America with, rum, guns and other materials and take the stuff to Africa. It covers records created throughout the trade, from the 16th to the 19th centuries. 14. The Middle Passage specific refers to the journey the Africans slaves made from Africa to the Americas. What types of goods, according to the Triangular Trade, would the Spanish get for the slaves? Oh no! These goods would be taken to Europe and sold. Who “owns” it? The Spanish were very cruel to their slaves. The 'Brookes' sailed the passage from Liverpool via the Gold Coast in Africa to Jamaica in the West Indies. Save your work as PDF and submit it before the deadline. The conditions for enslaved Africans crossing the Atlantic Ocean in the Middle Passage were brutal and deadly. this influenced how he wrote because he saw the middle passage as an economic opening document B: 2 the ship's crew tried to care for the slaves' messes, keep their lodgings clean and organized, and tried to respect them Charles S. Johnson’s Middle Passage, winner of the National Book Award for fiction, was published in 1990.Set in New Orleans and on the Atlantic Ocean, the historical novel centers on the disastrous voyage of the slave ship Republic.. 3 The Middle Passage 5. There was a psychological impact, and the culture and families were torn apart. The Transatlantic Slave Trade : History Documentary on the Middle Passage (Full Documentary). Life at Sea: Middle Passage Page 2 of 2 Name: _____ Date:_____ Questions: 1. Ships would leave America with rum, guns and other materials and take the stuff to Africa. For most captives, the separation from their villages and families was still fresh, and now they were thrust into a hostile and alien world, at the mercy of people who were like none they had ever seen before. Although the origins are unknown and the meaning has changed over time, The Middle Passage is a term that commonly refers to the transporting of African slaves from the West African coast, across the Atlantic sea to the Americas, aboard slave ships known as slavers. Directed by Chris Harty. Registers survive from 1786 in BT 6/191-193 and BT 107 (indexes in BT 111).Only four volumes for Liverpool, 1739-1774, have survived for ships registered before 1786 because of a fire at Customs House. Ships/Cargo 2. The Middle Passage Documentary by Steven Spielberg.edited.docx, Jefferson State Community College • HIS 201, Module 2, Assignment 1 (Across the Middle Passage).docx. Ships … The African slave boarding the ship had no idea what lay ahead. The middle passage 1. Rum was used to purchase slaves for use in the colonies. According to the words of Olaudah Equiano and referring to at least one supporting primary sources, state 3 conditions aboard the slave ship that would decrease his chances of surviving the journey. Simply type your responses in the space below the question. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. How did the Europeans prevent the Africans from escaping once they were captured? Students can read independently, with a partner, in small group, or as a whole class. Sanitation 3. There were 53 Africans involved in the revolt of the slave ship Amistad. When did the last slave ship leave Africa. … What did many Africans believe would happen to them? So many slaves died on the journey to America due to poor conditions. C. purchase of slaves. Students can read independently, with a partner, in small group, or as a whole class. In ancient times, what were some of the reasons people were enslaved? Ships involved in the colonial trade were first required to be registered in 1696. Sanitary conditions also improved as slave traders took_____ Better care of captured Africans/ took time out to treat sick slaves/ some slaves as part of their crew . First-person accounts of the Middle Passage are very rare. C. most of the slaves were kept in the middle decks. Learned Behaviors . The Atlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration of people by sea in history. It looks like your browser needs an update. For the first time, the Middle Passage―the experience of slaves on the trans-Atlantic ships―receives a full reference treatment in an encyclopedia. Which of the following was traded by Europeans in exchange for slaves from Africa? This 18th century sketch depicts how enslaved people were packed into ships on the Middle Passage. The Middle Passage was one part of a large trade route between Europe, America and Africa. The attached lesson called Slaves in the Middle Passage: Definition, Facts & Summary will prepare you to: Chart the Triangle Trade and list the goods traded for human slaves Keep the image projected and instruct students to again focus on it. The Triangular trade refers to the entire process, and similar to … The loss of slaves on the Middle passage was due mainly to (a) riots and mutinies (b) starvation and branding (c) dysentery and smallpox (d) being thrown overboard. 2. Who argued on behalf of the slave defendants before the U.S. Supreme Court? They were taken on board, stripped naked and examined from head to toe by the captain or surgeon. Description. Introducing Textbook Solutions. Strictly speaking, La Amistad was not a slave ship, as it was not designed to transport large cargoes of slaves, nor did it engage in the Middle Passage of Africans to the Americas. The idea of slavery is a very old one. islands, planters divided slaves into three categories: C re o l e s ( s l a v e s born in the Americas), old Africans (those who had lived in the Americas for some time), and new Africans (those who had just survived the middle passage). Slavery in America - A brochure on the Middle Passage and African Influence! The slaves would then be loaded onto ships and taken to the Americas. The slaves were stripped naked and shaved clean before being herded onto the ships like animals. With Debbie Allen, Jon Erik, Steven Spielberg. By the 1800s, it took _____, six months/ five to eight weeks/ one year for ships to sail across the Atlantic Ocean. A In 1839 it was owned by Ramón Ferrer, a Spanish national. answer choices . The slaves would be traded for molasses, sugar, rum, tobacco, hemp, and other cash crops that were produced by use of slave labor. The trade started around the early 1500s, and by 1654 about 8,000-10,000 slaves were being imported from Africa to the Americas every year. Social Studies. A documentary narrated by Debbie Allen that chronicles the the plight of African-Americans during the Middle Passages and the Atlantic Slave Trade. A trade ship became a slave ship after Inherited vs. Forced voyage from Africa to the Americas was a physical and psychological nightmare that lasted several weeks or months.. This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages. B. it was the middle leg of the triangular trade route that Europeans followed. document. Salt, Gold. When the Spanish began to settle in the Americas in the early 1500s, they forced the native people to grow food, hunt animals, dig for gold and farm cotton. A The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade. This includes a wide range of docume… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It will help researchers to identify which areas of the collection will be of most use to them and suggest other sources and further reading that will help put these in their historical context. The Middle Passage itself lasted roughly 80 days, on ships ranging from small schooners to massive, purpose-built "slave ships." Slaves faced many hardships while being shipped across the Atlantic. Slave Ships and the Middle Passage Contributed by Brendan Wolfe The slave ship was the means by which nearly 12.5 million enslaved Africans were transported from Africa to … ... Oscars Best Picture Winners Best Picture Winners Golden Globes Emmys San Diego Comic-Con New York Comic-Con Sundance Film Festival Toronto Int'l Film Festival Awards Central Festival Central All Events. Just as horrifying as these death marches was the Middle Passage, as it was called -- the transport of slaves across the Atlantic. How did Africans respond to the cruelty of the Europeans on the slave ships? The cargo ships were packed with 300 to 450 African slaves each and the journey usually took about 100 days. story of life aboard the slave ships during weeks, and sometimes months, at sea. Save your work as PDF and submit it before the deadline. First-person accounts of the Middle Passage are very rare. The Middle Passage, often lasting from one to three months, was frequently called the Triangular Trade, which included a three-part journey. And indeed it was a long trip. Favorite Answer The term "middle passage" refers to the shipping of African slaves across the Atlantic. How were the sick treated on the slave ship? The Voyage of Slaves in the Transatlantic Slave Trade Overview Between 1450 and 1850 at least 12 million Africans were taken across the notorious Middle Passage of the Atlantic, mainly to colonies in North America, South America, and the West Indies. Scene From the movie "Freedom," borrowed for educational use for my 8th grade U.S. History class. How many Africans were involved in the revolt of the slave ship Amistad? 3 points each (you can miss 2 and still earn full credit). Out of every 10 Africans put on ships, how many died at sea? 3 points each (you can miss 2 and still earn full credit) 1. 4.3k plays . List 3 reasons why people throughout history were enslaved. The Transatlantic (Triangular) Trade involved many continents, a lot of money, some cargo and sugar, and millions of African slaves. rum only. Played 0 times. The transport of black Africans to the Americas by slave ship became known as the Middle Passage because it was the middle leg of the Triangular Trade route used by the European merchants. The diagram was an extremely effective piece of propaganda. Students can read independently, with a partner, in small group, or as a whole class. The slave traders used some of their profits to buy sugar and molasses, which they took back to New England and sold to rum producers. Mortality Rates (Slaves and Crews) D. Olaudah Equiano (slave) E. John Newton (slave ship captain) F. Provisions for the Middle Passage G. Sanitation, Disease and Death 1. The ships then transported the slaves to the West Indies for selling purposes, another Middle Passage journey. Who defended these Africans before the U.S. Supreme Court? 2. HIS-201 HARVARD Steven Spielberg’s Middle Passage Documentary Film Questions Answer these questions as thoroughly and completely as you can. Slave Ships and the Middle Passage. Last updated by jill d #170087 on 10/5/2020 10:39 AM Middle Passage According to the textbook,"The time between the moment the slaves were bought and when they arrived at Port was very dangerous not only for the European traders but for the slaves as well." At best, if the weather was good, it was a six weeks' journey. What drew Europeans to Africa in the 1400’s? See more ideas about slavery, middle passage, black history. Amistad Viewing Guide 1. Who is it that does the kidnapping? Sickening cru-elty characterized this journey. The second part of the journey was the worst. The transport of slaves from Africa to the Americas was called the Middle Passage because A. this part of the journey was one of the roughest parts of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. A. They would trade the. Revenue from these sales was used to purchase items that could be exchanged for more slaves in Africa. While doing so, ask several students to do a choral reading of the attached poem, ^The Middle Passage, _ which inspired Okedijis mural. Answer: 2. Start studying Ship of Slaves: The Middle Passage. A Directed by Chris Harty. The title of the poem refers to the middle voyage of the ships of the transatlantic slave triangle trade. La Amistad was a 19th-century two-masted schooner of about 120 feet (37 m). Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Middle Passage Questions and Answers The Question and Answer section for Middle Passage is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Ship’s Surgeons 4. Olaudah Equiano’s first-person account recalls his terrifying journey as an 11-year-old captive aboard a slave ship from Africa to Barbados in 1756. What has been happening in the Americas? It is called that because it was 2nd trip made by European slaves ships during the Triangular Trade. 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