Be sure to check with your local authorities for such requirements. While some regions may allow the pet to be quarantined that isolation may last six months or even longer, depending on the state of the disease in that locality. Check with your own vet because YPMV*. Similar consequences might occur if I were to bite someone. Any bites are required to be reported to the health unit. We acquired two kittens a few months back and our vet said the booster shots for select feline diseses were needed. Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell Ruffian Equine Specialists, on Long Island. Most house cats get out at least once. Many cats are taught to walk on a leash so they can go outside and even those cats who don’t walk on a leash may be carried outside in their owner’s arms. Why does my indoor cat need rabies vaccination? However, they can get all the same vaccines as a cat that goes outdoors. Our cats do go to the vet regularly for needles, checkups, teeth cleaning, ailments, tests etc., whenever needed. Sometimes we bite children who frighten or hurt us, and sometimes we bite while playing. Do indoor cats need rabies shots every year? Boarding is definitely not possible without shots (worst case scenario for me would be boarding). No, say many experts. Further tests showed the bat was rabid. Of animals reported and tested for rabies in the US in 2014, 1822 raccoons (30.2% of all tested) were positive for the disease; 1756 bats (29.1%); 1588 skunks (26.3%); and 311 foxes (5%). However, the most successful program to reduce the impact of the this killer virus is that of vaccinations. There are no exceptions made for animals who live inside. The rabies vaccine is usually a monovalent vaccine. become frightened at the vet hospital and sometimes bite unexpectedly. We're a company of pet lovers with a commitment to quality & making the tastiest product out there. In each state, there are different vaccine-related laws. Rabid animals don't behave like normal animals - sometimes they're overly friendly or abnormally aggressive. Do indoor cats need shots. There's nothing that I like better than chasing a bird or bat around the house, and I'll bet that most of my feline brethren would agree. Confusing.] All states have rabies vaccine-related laws, although not all laws require cats to be vaccinated against rabies. Some other important things to remember are: Rabies is local. In this blog post, I hope to remind all of my readers (and clients) on the importance of vaccination. Although some believe these small animals might have some resistance to the disease, other experts feel that these small animals are more apt to be killed by rabid predators rather than just being bitten and then developing the disease. Any stray or feral cats in the barn do get "trapped" & vaccinated regularly. The short answer is yes. Lastly, vaccinating your cat, indoor or outside, may be required by law. It is important that cats, regardless of being indoors or outdoors, be given the rabies vaccine. Most states have laws regarding the vaccination of pet animals (dogs, cats, and ferrets) as well as other domestic animals. Because rabies can be transmitted to humans and is nearly universally fatal, many communities have laws mandating rabies vaccination of pets. Even if they never leave the house, indoor cats still need to be vaccinated to protect their health. It contains viral antigens for one virus: the rabies virus. These are the required or recommended vaccines for indoor cats. Once outside, a cat who wishes to escape will find some way to do so and any adventure outside carries with it the potential of exposure to something harmful (including a wild animal). Two main points of these programs include teaching children that wild animals should be left alone and never touched and any animal acting strangely should be pointed out to an adult who should contact an animal control officer. But, how often do cats need rabies shots? Bite wounds treated by a physician are typically reported to the health department, which may then request proof of rabies vaccination. A: The simplest answer is that rabies vaccines are required by law for all cats and dogs over the age of six months in New York state - and many other states have similar requirements. Your indoor cat is at a very low risk of contracting rabies but your local jurisdiction may require a current rabies vaccine certification. At a bare minimum, your cat may need a rabies shot … Indoor cats need to at least get vaccinated for Rabies and Distemper. These penalties may seem overly severe, but remember that once the signs appear, there is no effective treatment for rabies. We live in an apartment in New York City and Izzy is never outside, so why does she need a rabies vaccine? In Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, foxes are the most commonly found carrier. Best Answer. If you see an RV on the road named "Travelin' Dogs", honk and say hi! It is spread through the saliva of the infected animal. However, even indoor cats … Although these are the most common carriers, that doesn’t mean these are the only animals found with rabies, however; most mammals can contract the disease. Rabies is a human health concern, not just an animal health issue. A surprising (to me) number of cat owners argued that since their cats lived inside and were never allowed outside, a rabies vaccination wasn’t needed. Benefits of Pets in the Workplace: Interview with a Dog Behavior Expert, What is Parvovirus? Rabies vaccination is an important and required vaccine for all cats. Cats may then be bitten by their prey (perhaps a rapid bat is flopping on the ground and the cat pounces on it) or the cat may be bitten by an infected, aggressive animal that otherwise might not be a problem. Outdoor cats, or those with compromised immunity, should be vaccinated annually. In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. For your totally indoor cats, I recommend the FVRCP and the rabies vaccine. Companion Animal Hospital in Ithaca, NY for cats, dogs, exotics, and wildlife, Equine and Nemo Farm Animal Hospitals in Ithaca, NY for horses and farm animals, Cornell Ruffian Equine Specialists, on Long Island for every horse, Ambulatory and Production Medicine for service on farms within 30 miles of Ithaca, NY, Animal Health Diagnostic Center New York State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine Ithaca, New York 14853-6401. If my owners didn't agree to this, then a strict, six-month quarantine would be required, usually at a veterinary hospital-which can get very expensive. The kids said they learned what to do during a school lesson. A yearly booster of core vaccines protects a cat against rabies, herpesvirus, calicivirus, and panleukopenia. About 50,000 people die worldwide from rabies each year. A: The simplest answer is that rabies vaccines are required by law for all cats and dogs over the age of six months in New York state - … A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals. Indoor cats need to at least get vaccinated for Rabies and Distemper. These shots are the FVRCP (AKA “feline distemper”) and rabies. Despite my early years running free on the farm, I now reside solely indoors, and I too have wondered why I need to be bothered with rabies vaccines. Bats can enter homes or apartments through small cracks. Plus, the CDC adds, “Titers (which measure antibodies in the blood) do not directly correlate with protection because other immunologic factors also play a role in preventing rabies.”. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states, “All dogs, cats, and ferrets should be vaccinated and revaccinated for rabies according to product label directions.” Period. In many parts of the United States, rabies is not, unfortunately, a rare disease in wildlife; in fact, it’s considered common among wild animals in the US. The FVRCP vaccine has been shown to confer immunity for at least three years, so vaccinating your cats with this vaccine any more frequently is probably unnecessary. For all of the above reasons, I'm happy to put up with the inconvenience and bother of getting my rabies vaccine. They suggest vaccinating cats wherever rabies is endemic in any local species or where legally required. Many of her works have been nominated or won awards from a variety of organizations, including Dog Writers Association of America, San Diego Book Awards, the ASPCA, and others. All cats, even indoor cats, should receive the rabies vaccination and booster to avoid the various unwanted risks and consequences associated with skipping the vaccine. Most importantly, rabies is a fatal disease for people or any animal unlucky enough to be exposed through a bite or scratch to the saliva of a rabid animal, so extra precautions must be taken to protect us all. For some cats, when they are nervous, their first response can be to bite or scratch. Records also don’t show whether the cats were indoor-only cats, outside cats, domesticated, or feral cats. July 13, 2016 On social media recently I followed a heated discussion as to whether indoor-only cats need to be vaccinated against rabies. The veterinarian who vaccinates a dog, cat, or ferret shall issue to the owner a vaccination certificate. They’ll need the feline distemper vaccine and rabies. Some of the wild animals the cats were exposed to were known and included bats, skunks, and raccoons. Rabies vaccinations for cats: The official veterinary recommendations The American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) issued the following recommendations about rabies vaccinations. Kittens should start getting vaccinations when they are 6 to 8 weeks old until they are about 16 weeks old. One is dying from cancer, I will not take him for the shot. The disease can flare-up, especially in cats without up-to-date vaccinations, causing respiratory infections and eye problems if an animal is stressed or sick. I'll share what I've learned from my friends at the Feline Health Center. Hopefully, your cat will not bite anyone but if he does, you have proof he had his rabies shot and this can prevent problems. The vaccination status of the other cats was unknown. Causes, Treatment and Prevention. Supporting Cat Health with Information and Health Studies. 4. A child with a cat bite may need a tetanus shot. A vaccination is a preparation of microorganisms (pathogens), such as viruses or bacteria, that is administered to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease. Last update: Nov 21, 2020 1 answer. In the upper and central states, skunks are found with the disease more than other animals. While it's unlikely that you're cat will get any of these diseases being indoor only there's always the possibility that something unexpected could happen. Not only is this not good for the pet’s mental and physical health, but it can also be extremely expensive. Vaccination doesn’tannihilatethe virus — feline herpesvirus is the gift that keeps on giving; but vaccination can help keep it under control. Each state has its own laws, and under the strictest laws, euthanasia might be recommended! While there is an expensive preventative series of shots that humans can receive to prevent disease after exposure to a rabid animal, no similar preventative protection exists for unvaccinated animals. Unfortunately most of the sources of the disease were unknown. A prolific writer, Liz is also the author of more than 80 books. If the risk of feline leukemia virus exposure is significant (out-of-doors cats), the leukemia virus vaccine sequence should be administered. The Cornell Feline Health Center is closely monitoring the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Must be vaccinated against rabies by the age of four (4) months. Then, too, rabid animals act irrationally and it’s not unusual for a wild animal who lives near people (in rural areas, suburbs, or even in the city) and who normally ignores or avoids people, to enter peoples’ home. Rabies isn’t just dangerous to your cat; you can catch rabies from your pet if they bite you or even lick an open wound on your body. It's just whole foods with a dash of love. While you may keep your cat indoors, that doesn’t mean that they can’t ever escape or that wildlife can’t ever find its way into your home. Let’s talk about it. While the number of people dying from rabies in the United States is small (on average, one or two people per year die of rabies in this country), the number of fatalities is much higher in countries without strong vaccination and post-exposure programs. In fact, I've had two vets tell me they can increase the chance of later cancers. Other vaccines are given on a case-by-case basis. Rabies shots were not required because they are indoor cats. Do indoor cats need rabies shots? Pet Tips - Indoor Cat Vaccinations. Far fewer cat owners said that the vaccination was still needed; that cats could still be exposed to rabies. The risks of skipping rabies vaccinations are just too great! Q: My vet tells me that my indoor-only cat, Izzy, needs to be vaccinated for rabies. Any person with feral cats on his premises shall make a reasonable effort to capture or vaccinate the cats. Since rabies also causes behavior changes (primarily aggression), this makes bites more likely to happen and for the bites to be more severe than they might otherwise be. Liz shares her home with three English Shepherds: Bones, Hero, and Seven, as well as one confident and bossy orange tabby cat, Kirk. However, if I were up-to-date on my rabies vaccination and then exposed to a rabid animal, I would simply get a rabies booster and a 10- to 45-day quarantine at home. By: Karen Nelson El Segundo, CA Replied on 04/19/2011. Increased vaccinations for domestic animals, including and most significantly for dogs and cats, has reduced rabies incidences in the US significantly. Other commonly found wildlife carriers include coyotes, wolves, bears, weasels, and groundhogs. Besides aggression, symptoms of rabies includes uncoordinated movements, confusion, and a fear of water. Educational programs, especially those aimed at young school children, have helped keep people safe from rabies. Are indoor-only cats at risk for Rabies? In many parts of the world, including parts of Asia and Africa, dogs are the most common source of rabies while in the US, because of legal requirements for vaccinations for dogs, the disease has been reduced significantly in dogs. Liz is also the founder of Love on a Leash therapy dogs; her dog, Bones, goes on visits on a regular basis. Here are half-dozen good reasons your veterinarian wants you to keep your cat up-to-date on her vaccinations. Several years ago, school children in San Diego saw a bat on the ground during daylight hours acting strangely, including not flying away, so while two of the kids kept any eye on the bat without touching it, another child ran for help. Although very few people develop rabies in the US, there are at least 40,000 to 50,000 rabies postexposure treatments (human rabies immune globulin plus a set of four rabies shots) given each year. Rabies is most commonly transmitted by a bite from an infected animal. There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… In 2014, 61% of rabid domestic animals tested were cats. A surprising (to me) number of cat owners argued that since their cats lived inside and were never allowed outside, a rabies vaccination wasn’t needed. An animal who has rabies will have the virus in the nerves and saliva; therefore the most common method of transmission is usually through a bite. Once the symptoms appear, rabies is almost 100% fatal. If your cat is strictly an indoor cat, does he need to be vaccinated each year for distemper, and rabies? Although you referred to these vaccines as yearly, some of these vaccines are not necessarily required annually. For information as to what the laws in your state require, do a search online, talk to your veterinarian or to your local animal control. The details of the vaccinations varies from state to state and often refers to the label of the specific vaccine used. The recommendation from most public health authorities is to euthanize unvaccinated pets who have been exposed to rabies. My point was that for whatever reason, rabie shots have never been given to the indoor cats, as the vet doesn't think they are needed & my parents trust her. Then they must be boostered a year latyer.. For … If the cat is not up to date on their rabies vaccine, they must be quarantined for 10 days to observe for symptoms of rabies. My cat is never outdoors. In many parts of the world, including parts of Asia and Africa, dogs are the most common source of rabies while in the US, because of legal requirements for vaccinations for dogs, the disease has been reduced significantly in dogs. If the cat is not at risk, many veterinarians do not recommend the feline leukemia virus vaccination. Rabies is a common disease among wild animals. If the owner can't provide this proof, once again there may be repercussions for both owner and kitty, including a fine for having an unvaccinated animal; a recommendation that the cat be euthanized and tested for rabies, especially if the cat was ill; or a period of quarantine, for the cat. It is a state law that requires rabies vaccination of cats and dogs over 6 months of age. Do Indoor Cats Need Rabies Vaccinations? On the east coast, from Maine through Florida, the most common carrier of the disease is raccoons—and has been that way for several decades. The anti-vaccination folks then brought up the dangers of allergic reactions to the vaccinations. It is not uncommon for an indoor cat to dash out an open door, to climb out a window, or even to fall through a screened window (on purpose or inadvertently). Rabid bats especially, but even skunks and raccoons, have entered homes and when they do, people and pets can be exposed to the virus. Then they must be boostered a year latyer. Incubation, from time of exposure to onset of symptoms, can range from a week up to a year, depending on the host animal. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals.. In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. Our ingredients are gently dehydrated and 100% human grade. The vaccination status of these cats was also spotty. When your cat gets his rabies shot, you should get a certificate from your vet stating so. If I were unvaccinated or even overdue for my rabies booster (depending on how overdue I was) and came in contact with a rabid bat or other animal, the consequences could be quite severe. Increased vaccinations for domestic animals, including and most significantly for dogs and cats, has reduced rabies incidences in the US significantly. The state of Massachusetts requires that all cats are vaccinated against the rabies virus by a licensed veterinarian.Rabies is a virus of the central nervous system and is almost always fatal. It is fine to get them vaccinated every 3-5 years , or even 5-7 years , if there is no risk of them escaping outside. Even an initial rabies vaccination, whether during kittenhood or prior to adoption in older cats, is a better guarantor than none at all. Even though you are greatly reducing the risk of rabies by keeping your cat safely indoors, he … Even though we may be calm and loving at home, many cats (not me!) If you have an outdoor only or an indoor/outdoor cat, then they will need shots as well. It is very important that ALL cats be vaccinated against rabies, including cats that never go outdoors. 2. The argument went back and forth with considerable passion on both sides. Liz Palika is a Certified Dog Trainer and Certified Animal Behavior Consultant as well as the founder and co-owner of Kindred Spirits Dog Training in northern San Diego county. Indoor cats DO still need their vaccines. There's also always the chance, however small, that an indoor-only cat might sneak outdoors through an open window or door. Minimize any risk your cat might have … Indoor Cat Vaccinated for Rabies What is rabies? No, say many experts. We never use fillers, by-products, preservatives or any other nasty additives. So, removing most of the passion, let’s talk about this important issue and see what the experts have to say. As long as you really mean totally indoor (sometimes people think it means they never let the cat leave their yard or something!) Although these are the most common carriers, that doesn’t mean these are the only animals found with rabies, however; most mammals can contract the disease. Some animals are generally not found to have rabies, including rabbits, mice, rats, squirrels, and other small rodents. Some of us become frightened and escape when we're carried outdoors for, say, trips to the vet hospital, and I've heard about cats whose cars have been involved in accidents that left them suddenly free (cat carriers will prevent most of these accidental escapes). Suggested Articles Feline Vaccines: Benefits and Risks Q: My vet tells me that my indoor … Therefore, as long as there is no chance of escape, indoor cats don’t need the vaccine for FeLV at all. Not all laws require indoor cats to vaccinate for rabies. Unfortunately, indoor only cats are not completely protected from exposure to other rabid animals as indoor cats are almost never completely kept inside. There are two main vaccines that are generally recommended for all cats by the AAFP (American Association of Feline Practitioners), a national organization of veterinarians with a particular interest in feline medicine. Than 80 books vary kittens should start getting vaccinations when they are about 16 weeks old a yearly booster core! Or hurt US, and Arizona, foxes are the most successful program to reduce the impact of sources! Cats ), the leukemia virus vaccine sequence should be administered owners said that the vaccination status of these was! Do n't behave like normal animals - sometimes they 're overly friendly or abnormally aggressive strictest laws, might., so why does she need a rabies vaccine '', honk and say!! Contact with wildlife during an unexpected escape Veterinary Medicine, Cornell Ruffian Specialists! 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