Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. “Jew and Greek” is intended to be an exhaustive division of the human race, just as “bond or free,” “male and female.”. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Evidently set forth.—This hardly brings out the full force of the metaphor, which is that of a picture or writing conspicuously and publicly exhibited. The Law brought a curse. 19 Wherefore then serveth the law? If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Shall live.—The idea of life receives an enlargement, corresponding to the fuller revelation of immortality in the New Testament as compared with the Old. And the Scripture foreseeing This seems to agree with the Jewish forms or citing passages of Scripture, (bwtkh har hm) , "what does the Scripture foresee? Its original purpose was to make them known, and by imposing a penalty to check them; its real effect was to provoke and enhance them. Through Jesus Christ.—Through the relation into which they enter with Christ by embracing Christianity. Nor is any excluded. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. The just shall live by faith.—The stress is on the word “faith.” It is faith (not law) which gives life. Its real result was rather to place all men in a state of sin. He is so by virtue of his relation to Christ. The first thing that Christianity does is to undo this result of the Law by deliverance from the curse. Know ye.—The verb here may either be in the indicative or in the imperative: “know ye,” or “ye know.” Perhaps, on the whole, the imperative, as in the Authorised version, is best. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. What is meant is “all mankind.”. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 3:1-5 Several things made the folly of the Galatian Christians worse. The word “promise” is put in the plural because the promise to Abraham was several times repeated—to Abraham first, and, after him, to the other patriarchs. ‘All,’ Jews and Gentiles alike (comp. The object of this state of guardianship was to fit us for the dispensation of faith looming in the future. And to seeds, as of many; but as of one.—The argument of the Apostle turns upon the use, both in the Hebrew and in the LXX., of a singular instead of a plural noun. The expression seems wide enough to cover both ideas. Galatia was part of the country that we now call Turkey. The opening of this verse without any connecting particle lends sharpness and emphasis to the contrast. # 3:16a Greek seed; also in 3:16c, 19. Now we are going to flipflop back and forth through these two passages. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. The Law was given “because of transgressions:” i.e., it had its object in transgressions. This deliverance is represented under the form of a ransom. They are a body animated by a single personality and will. To Abraham and his seed were the promises made.—It was expressly stated that the promises were given “to Abraham and his seed.” The exact terms are worth noting. (19) Wherefore then serveth the law?—Literally, What then is the Law? Understanding the Presence of the Spirit. The Law, which was given four hundred and thirty years after the promise, had no power to cancel it. There is a certain emphasis on both words, for the main point in the contrast which the Apostle is drawing is between the Law, on the one hand, and faith, on the other. There it stopped short. For to be baptised into Christ is to enter into the closest possible relation to Him. It would seem, however, that there were two systems of chronology really current. The Hebrew has also simply “he that” for “every one who;” so that the absolute and sweeping nature of the condemnation would seem to be much less marked in the original. In the analogy of Galatians 3:15 there was contemplated the double possibility of invalidation or addition. ... Easy Bible Commentary-Galatians #1 - Duration: ... English Location: United States The faith of the Galatians is likened to that of Abraham, in that it found the same acceptance with God. Are ye so foolish? The opposition between the effects of faith, on the one hand, and works, on the other, was conspicuous when the Galatians were first converted; it is as conspicuous still. It was a busy port and the centre of much trade. (See Epistle to the Romans, Excursus E: On the Doctrine of Justification by Faith and Imputed Righteousness.). See notes on Gen 12:7 and 13:15. In Galatians 3, Paul continues to make the case that faith in Christ is all that is required to be justified—"made righteous"—in God's eyes. Worketh miracles among you.—The Greek means not so much “causes miracles to be wrought in your midst” as “implants in you miraculous powers.” The power to work miracles is regarded as a special faculty bestowed by God upon individual Christians. (26) Children of God.—The translation “children” here is unfortunate, as the point to be brought out is that the Christian is no longer in the condition of “children,” but in that of grown-up “sons.” The pre-Messianic period bears to the Messianic period the same relation that a childhood or minority bears to full age. 3 Are you so foolish() Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by [] the flesh? (20) The mention of the word “mediator” implies a contract to which there are at least two parties. The Apostle refers it to Christ and the “spiritual Israel” (i.e., the Church, of which He is the Head), on the same principle on which, throughout the New Testament, the history of the chosen people under the old covenant is taken as a type of the Christian dispensation. He shined forth from mount Paran, and He came with ten thousands of saints.” For “saints” the LXX. The Greek word is that from which is derived the English “pedagogue.” Originally it meant the slave who was placed in charge of a child, and whose duty it was to conduct it to school. for “What did it mean?” Here the metaphor falls in naturally with the personification. The Gauls of Galatia were a people intellectually shallow and frivolous. He was born a Jew, under the authority of God's Law. (a.d. Now the covenant and promise made to Abraham (by the terms in which it was made) could point to no one but the Messiah. They had the doctrine of the cross preached, and the Lord's supper administered among them, in both which Christ crucified, and the nature of his sufferings, had been fully and clearly set forth. "Was it by the works of the law that ye received the Spirit (manifested by outward miracles, … That was all it could do. What does Galatians chapter 3 mean? . The Galatians, it seems, had had a share in this outpouring, like the other churches, though their fickleness prevented them from reaping the full benefit from it. The cities in Acts 14:21 are in Galatia. From this they were released, and the blessings of the theocracy hitherto annexed to the Law were thrown open to them by the death of Christ. 20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. At this present moment the gift of spiritual grace and miraculous power still in some measure continues, and where it is seen, is it not in clear connection—not with legal observances—but with faith in Christ? He had *preached the *good news about Jesus and many people becameChristians. We were slaves to the bad spirits that rule this world. i. But some people have softer heads than hearts. Christ died as such a criminal, and so came under the curse. In Christ I discover my identity. substitutes, in the next verse, “angels.” Similar allusions are found at the end of St. Stephen’s speech (Acts 7:53): “Who have received the law by the disposition (as ordinances) of angels, and have not kept it;” and in Hebrews 2:2 : “If the word spoken by (through) angels was stedfast.” In this last instance, as in the present passage, the ministration of angels employed in it is quoted as showing the inferiority of the Law to the Gospel. ‘Sons’ (not ‘children,’ E. V.), implies here the idea of age and freedom, as distinct from the state of childhood and pupilage under the training of the pædagogue. ii. To better understand Galatians 3:6 I am going to ask you to do something. It was, as it were, a parenthesis in the design of Providence. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of The events which characterised the earlier dispensation had their analogies—sometimes spiritual, sometimes literal—in the later. Ideas lie close together in the Apostle’s mind which are some distance apart in ours. In other words, it is a contract. .—Quoted from the LXX. That promise was shown by its wording to have reference to the Messiah. (23) Before faith came.—Before faith awoke into exercise, began to exist, or the preaching of Christ as its object. (17) The fulfilment of the promise is thus to be seen in the Messianic dispensation now begun. (7) The main point of the Apostle’s argument in the present passage is the superiority of faith over the Law. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. It is rather a higher kind of guardianship, which is to succeed that of the Law, and to which the Law hands over its pupil. Leviticus: Worship the Lord in the Beauty of Holiness - by Gordon Churchyard. Its object was to deal with transgressions. It depended upon the fallible action of man, and not only upon the infallible word of God. The scripture.—Here, with a more decided personification than usual, the Scripture is said to foresee what God, by whom Scripture is inspired, foresaw. Galatians 3:3. 3 In this great chapter, Paul proceeded, after relating his confrontation with the apostle Peter, to expound the central theme of Galatians, which is Justification by the Faith of Jesus Christ. It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Though the Gentiles do not come directly under “the curse of the Law,” they came under God’s condemnation. And this I say.—Now, what I mean to say is this; the inference that I intend to draw is this. But God is one.—On the other hand, God, the giver of the promise, stands alone: therefore the promise is not a contract; and, resting on God, it is indefeasible. By the hearing of faith.—These words correspond very nearly to a phrase which we should perhaps use more naturally: by the preaching of faith—i.e., by that preaching or hearing (hearing on the part of the recipients, preaching on that of the missionary Apostles) which has for its subject faith. English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for Galatians 3:26-4:7. In the last section of the last chapter the Apostle had been gradually working away from the historical retrospect with which he had begun to the doctrinal polemic in which he is about to engage, and now he addresses the Galatians with impassioned directness and earnestness, upbraiding them with their shameful apostasy. It has been thought that an examination of the genealogy of Levi favours the same reckoning. The idea is that of moral rather than of intellectual discipline. Design of the Law; The True Children of Abraham. . The Hebrew and LXX. Hence the Law entailed a curse, which Christ has removed by taking it upon Himself. (19, 20) If such was not the function of the Law—if it had no power to modify the promise—what was its true function? But the land of Canaan was promised to Abraham as a free gift, and as a free gift the spiritual Canaan is thrown open to his spiritual descendants. 2 Let me ask you only this: () Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by () hearing with faith? It had none of that sublime expansiveness and aspiration which belongs to faith. From the curse of the law.—From that curse which the Law pronounced upon all who failed to keep its precepts. This verse marks the immense stride made by Christianity in sweeping away the artificial distinctions which had been the bane of the ancient world, and prevented any true feeling of brotherhood springing up in it. Christ, the sinless One, died for sinful men. In the case of the scapegoat, the high priest was to lay his hands upon his head, and to “confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat;” and the goat was to “bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited” (Leviticus 16:21-22). Galatians 3:26. In Christ I am united to all the redeemed people of God, past, present, and future. and do you, or can you continue so? (I can hardly believe it.) Galatians 3:26-4:7 KJV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary The promise is said to be “received” by the generation on which it is fulfilled, not by that to which it is given. It is possible that the shorter reckoning may have arisen from difficulties observed in the longer, though it may be questioned whether it does not raise greater difficulties itself. The kingdom of the Messiah, which they possess, is the promised inheritance. The answer he assumes to be faith; and his thoughts fly at once to that crucial instance of faith—the faith of Abraham. Justin, however, is not improbably quoting through the medium of this Epistle. After you log in your content will be available in your library. They may be retained, provided that the metaphor is not pressed to the extent of supposing that Christ represents the schoolmaster proper to whom the child is led by the pedagogue slave. Most ofthe people who lived in Galatia were *Gentiles. (See Introduction.). He will only place the present conduct of the Galatians in contrast with their past, and ask how they can possibly reconcile the two. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Chapter 3. Paul visited the region againin … It was also a temporary measure, of force only until it should be superseded by the coming of the Messiah. $3.99 a month puts a library of commentaries, study notes, and Greek & Hebrew language tools right in your pocket. Galatians 3:18-4:14 Study the entire Bible verse by verse at On the other hand, the promise depends upon God alone. After his exposition of Scripture, Paul turns to the Galatians and again rebukes them with questions (4:8-11). The promise in Leviticus declares that he who keeps the Law shall be preserved from all judgments of this kind. Verse 1 GAL. How? The Law came in by the way. At one time, *Greek leaders had ruled Ephesus.Now the *Romans ruled the city. The curse identifies itself with its object: seizes, as it were, upon the person of its victim. Conduct could not be more fickle and “foolish.”. The same quotation is made, in the same words and with the same object, in Romans 4:3, where see the Note. The idea is somewhat strengthened by the use of the substantive for the adjective. Ant. It was a grievous reversing of the whole order of progress—to begin with faith, and, instead of completing with faith that which faith had begun, to fall back upon a condition of things which was shared with the Christian by the unemancipated Jew. Receive the promise of the Spirit.—A special outpouring of the Spirit was to be one of the characteristics of the great Messianic manifestation. For if . The crucified Saviour, the one great object of faith, has been preached before you in a way too plain to be mistaken. The Crucifixion brought Him under the curse of the Law. Faith was the cause, blessing the consequence, which extends to all the spiritual descendants of Abraham. But it is not said that the actual load of human guilt was laid upon Him. 3 O foolish Galatians! In them is the promise of the Messianic blessing fulfilled. The Law demands a literal fulfilment, which is impossible. (16) A parenthetical explanation of the true object of the promise. And notice that the Scripture doesn’t say “to his children, # 3:16b Greek seeds. In Christ.—These words are omitted in the group of oldest MSS., and should certainly be struck out. Christ has taken it upon Himself. It is said to have received as many as 250 or 300 (according to another estimate, even 430) interpretations, but at the present moment there is a tendency to acquiesce in that given above, which, it is hoped, will be thought satisfactory. Now all this had ceased. (15) I speak after the manner of men.—The figure that I am going to use is one taken from the ordinary civil relations between man and man, and therefore, it is left to be inferred, supplies an à fortiori argument in things relating to God, for men may change and break the most solemn engagements; God is absolutely faithful and unchangeable. It is to be identified with Him entirely. In stating the true function of the Law, the Apostle brings out its inferiority to the promise in four respects. There is an antithesis to the idea of “covenant” or “contract,” in which both parties have to perform a part. Thus the blessing promised to Abraham, and the outpouring of the Spirit included in it, have been opened out to Gentiles as well as Jews, and indeed to all who give in their adhesion to Christ by faith. Used by Permission. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Are like fools Abraham is found also in Romans 11:32, with a list stored. 4:16 ; Romans 4:16 ; Romans 4:16 ; Romans 9:6-8 to block them.! Very idea of a ransom call Turkey the Galatians reproved for departing from the.... Peter 1:5 ; 2 Peter 1:11 too, it was added.—It was not,. Or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website did mean... 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