In Japan, popular as gobo, it is being cultivated on a larger scale as a major root herb since earlier times. The leaves of greater burdock provide food for the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, such as the thistle ermine (Myelois circumvoluta). Arctium lappais known as niúbàng (牛蒡) in Chinese, the same name having been borrowed into Japanese as gobō, and is eaten in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock,[2] gobō (牛蒡/ゴボウ), edible burdock,[2] lappa,[2] beggar's buttons,[2] thorny burr, or happy major[3] is a Eurasian species of plants in the Aster family, cultivated in gardens for its root used as a vegetable. 19, 20 and 21 Page 169 Great burdock, grande bardane. Burdock root can also be found as a fried snack food similar in taste and texture to potato chips and is occasionally used as an ingredient in tempura dishes. ... beef with burdock root . Last updated on Jan 20, 2020. People also used the root as a liver cleanser, detoxifier, nutritive tonic, and all-around health promoter. This species is native to the temperate regions of the Old World, from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean, and from the British Isles through Russia, and the Middle East to India, China, Taiwan and Japan. Blood Purifier. Pregnant women should either refrain from having burdock root or do so under strict medical supervision. Even more translations in the English-Vietnamese dictionary by bab.la. Overview Information Burdock is a plant that is found all over the world. People have been using burdock root for medicinal purposes for centuries, particularly in Chinese medicine and Western herbalism. It contains polyphenols that causes darkened surface and muddy harshness by formation of tannin-iron complexes. Did you know? There, people commonly eat it as a vegetable and use it in stews and stir-fry dishes. Fancy a game? The seeds of greater burdock are employed in traditional Chinese medicine particularly for skin conditions and in cold/flu formulas, under the name niubangzi[17] (Chinese: 牛蒡子; pinyin: niúpángzi; some dictionaries list the Chinese as just 牛蒡 niúbàng. All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. Not only that: burdock was once a commonplace ancient remedy in traditional medicine practices around the world. The Chinese have used it to treat colds, pneumonia and throat infections. Burdock root is known to be an oxytocic agent and uterine stimulant. You can also peel, slice and eat it raw with a little sea salt, or you can pickle it. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar. Clinical Overview Use. Burdock may have anti-aging properties. And, it is widely consumed in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Those polyphenols are caffeoylquinic acid derivatives.[13]. Burdock root is an underground tuber of greater burdock plant that found its use as a vegetable and medicinal herb. [8] It has large, alternating, cordiform leaves that have a long petiole and are pubescent on the underside. Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow up to about one metre long and t… Since burdock root contains purifying and anti-inflammatory properties, it is also used to help treat fibroids. Immature flower stalks may also be harvested in late spring, before flowers appear. A root is usually about 2.5 feet long. The man holding the burdock leaf is 180 centimetres (5.9 ft) tall. Useful phrases translated from English into 28 languages. “In Chinese medicine, it is called Niu Bang and the seeds Niu Bang Zi are used for treating heat conditions such as … The root is very crisp and has a sweet, mild, and pungent flavor with a little muddy harshness that can be reduced by soaking julienned/shredded roots in water for five to ten minutes. bab.la arrow_drop_down. Another is burdock makizushi, rolled sushi filled with pickled burdock root; the burdock root is often artificially colored orange to resemble a carrot. Atlas of Living Australia, Arctium lappa L. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, Altervista Flora Italiana, Bardana maggiore, http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/weedguide/singlerecord.asp?id=900, "ゴボウの皮はむかないのが"新常識" (06/01/19) - ニュース - nikkei BPnet", "New probiotic identified in fermented Japanese vegetable: Enzyme improves colon health in rats", "Trial of essiac to ascertain its effect in women with breast cancer (TEA-BC)", "Therapeutic effect of arctiin and arctigenin in immunocompetent and immunocompromised mice infected with influenza", "Transformation of arctiin to estrogenic and antiestrogenic substances by human intestinal bacteria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctium_lappa&oldid=993384584, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 09:38. I hope you can find gobo in your area. Burdock root is sometimes used as food. Burdock root is usually used to harness it’s health benefits with Chinese Yam root, despite the fact that they have similar appearance. The roots, seeds and leaves of burdock have been investigated in view of its popular uses in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). silken tofu (drain water) • burdock root (cut into thin shreds) • carrot (cut into thin shreds) • Seasonings for burdock and carrot: • * 2 tsp mirin, sake • * 1 tsp soy sauce, sugar • ~5 small shrimps (cut into 1cm chunks, sprinkle salt and potato starch, stir and leave for 5 mins, wash well and squeeze the lemon) • … Burdock root is primarily used in traditional Chinese medicine for its diuretic qualities and for being a prominent detoxifying agent. A slice of salty-sweet heaven! The root was tra… The harshness shows excellent harmonization with pork in miso soup (tonjiru) and takikomi gohan (a Japanese-style pilaf). Burdock Root Benefits & Information Burdock root is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb used to expel wind and resolve swelling. They appear in mid-summer, from July to September. A bit about burdock: It’s a long taproot common in Japanese cuisine. In the botany, however, burdock sighted as a wild, easy-growing, hardy plant existing in almost all parts of the planet. Burdock also contains other substances such as arctiin which act to improve liver and gallbladder function. Burdock root promotes normal elimination of fluids, promotes normal bowel movement, benefits the lymphatic system supports digestion and benefits urinary tract health. Burdock. The minute, sharply-pointed, bristly pappus hairs easily detach from the top of the achenes and are carried by the slightest breeze – attaching to skin, mucous membranes, and eyes where they can cause severe dermal irritation, possible respiratory manifestations, and ophthalmia. It is also known under the same names and eaten in Brazil. [16] As an oily macerate, it is a component of some cosmetics, shampoos and hair care products. 金平牛蒡. Scientific Name(s): Arctium lappa L. Common Name(s): Fructus arctii, Bardana, Beggar's buttons, Clotbur, Edible burdock, Goboushi (Japanese), Great bur, Great burdocks, Lappa, Niu Bang Zi (Chinese) Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Arctium lappa, commonly known as burdock, is being promoted/recommended as a healthy and nutritive food in Chinese societies. Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. While generally out of favour in modern European cuisine, it is popular in East Asia. The root is very delicious and is served in Chinese, Korean, and other Asian dishes prepared by peeling and cooking the whole root. [citation needed] Seeds contain arctigenin, arctiin, and butyrolactone lignans.[18][19][20]. Note the steps in the background for scale. In Korean, burdock root is called u-eong (우엉) and sold as tong u-eong (통우엉), or "whole burdock". Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. Researchers are now beginning to design clinical studies to … In fact, burdock root can be found in culinary dishes from Japan, Korea, and China all the way to even Italy and Brazil. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation. Burdock root helps in improving the function of the body’s lymphatic system that … R. For example, matairesinol (found … The root contains a fair amount of dietary fiber (GDF, 6 g per 100 g), calcium, potassium, amino acids,[12] and is low calorie. You’ve probably brushed against burdock at one time or other and are familiar with the clinging seed heads. Introducing how to cook gobo (burdock root) in 3 different ways-- Japanese style. Besides, greater burdock root is also known as niúbàng (牛蒡) in Chinese. This is a burdock leaf. Burdock root has been used for purifying blood stream, and to neutralize and eliminate poisons in the system. Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country. It's most popular in Asian countries, particularly Japan, where it's called gobo. [14], Dried burdock roots (Bardanae radix) are used in folk medicine as a diuretic, diaphoretic, and a blood purifying agent. It was used in Europe during the Middle Ages as a vegetable, but now it is rarely used except in Italy and Portugal, where it is known as bardana or "garduna". Why not have a go at them together. Most people are familiar with the flowers of Burdock which form globe shaped clusters around the top of the stem covered with a dense alignment of stiff "hooks" that will cling to anything they touch. It was used in Europe during the Middle Ages as a vegetable, but now it is rarely used except in Italy and Portugal, where it is known as bardana or "garduna". The fruits are achenes; they are long, compressed, with short pappus hairs. Burdock root products contain the fresh or dried root of the burdock plant. The various forms of detoxification it is used for include treating throat infections, rashes, and other skin conditions and diseases, helping in … This versatile root has a myriad of internal uses and has been used as a food plant in Eastern cuisine. You can purchase fresh burdock root and include it in a vegetable stir-fry or stew. Traditionally used as a blood purifier and overall system tonic, burdock root often recommended by herbalists for … [4][5][6][7], Greater burdock is a biennial plant, rather tall, reaching as much as 3 m (10 ft). Burdock root is a vegetable that’s native to northern Asia and Europe. In 2014 a study was performed at the Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology in Brazil to determine the effects of burdock root on Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Streptococcus mutans, candida albicans, Candida tropicalis and Candida glabrata. This is an ultra-nourishing and ultra-delicious seasonal root combo. It is also known under the same names and eaten in Brazil. But, did you know the root is a delicious vegetable that detoxifies the body? [10] The capitula are surrounded by an involucre made out of many bracts, each curving to form a hook, allowing the mature fruits to be carried long distances on the fur of animals. It induced uterine contractions (labor, in simple terms) in women who consumed it during pregnancy, according to a study . Greater burdock root is known as niúbàng (牛蒡) in Chinese, which was borrowed into Japanese as gobō and Korean as ueong (우엉), and is widely eaten in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. It prefers a fresh, worked soil, rich in humus, and should be positioned in full sunlight. It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. These are a potential hazard for humans, horses, and dogs. “Burdock root is both food and medicine,” adds Moy. Burdock Root Traditional Chinese Medicine The Incredible Edible Burdock. Burdock root has been a part of traditional medicine, particularly traditional Chinese medicine, for centuries. Copyright © IDM 2020, unless otherwise noted. Burdock root has been used for centuries in holistic medicine to treat a variety of different conditions. It is commonly cultivated in Japan where it gives its name to a particular construction technique, burdock piling. All rights reserved. Burdock has been an important botanical in Western folk herbalism and traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years, primarily valued for its cleansing and skin smoothing properties. Make one or two cuts lengthways into the thick end of the burdock root and, over a large bowl of acidulated water (water with a splash of lemon juice or vinegar added), shave … Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects have been described for burdock whole root extract, … Burdock has been utilized in treatment of breast tumor, ovary, bladder, malignant melanoma, lymphoma and pancreatic cells. [15] Anecdotal reports from the 19th century suggest that this medicinal plant has also been used by the Ojibwa tribe, and today, in form of an ingredient in Essiac tea for the alternative treatment of some cancers. Chinese words for burdock include 蒡, 牛腩 and 牛犊. Flora of North America Vol. It relieves the pain, lessens the tumor size and enhances the survival phase. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable. Burdock has been used therapeutically in Europe, North America and Asia for hundreds of years. The root, leaf, and seed are used as medicine. Greater burdock root is known as niúbàng (牛蒡) in Chinese, which was borrowed into Japanese as gobō and Korean as ueong (우엉), and is widely eaten in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. bab.la is not responsible for their content. In the second half of the 20th century, burdock achieved international recognition for its culinary use due to the increasing popularity of the macrobiotic diet, which advocates its consumption. May Be Anti-Aging. Translation for 'burdock' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. Burdock is very reactive to nitrogen fertilizer. The harvest occurs three to four months after the seeding until late autumn, when the roots become too fibrous. Its Japanese name is “Gobo”. Burdock has many other health benefits and is believed to be the main reason why the Japanese hold the world record for longevity because burdock is a staple in their diet. Fresh burdock root can often be found in health stores and Asian specialty stores. Burdock Daikon Carrot Pork Soup It has been a while since I last made a soup with The taste resembles that of artichoke, a burdock relative. Propagation is achieved through sowing the seeds midsummer. Moreover, Japanese like to use gobo to make appetizer, kinpira gobo which consists of sautéed greater burdock root and carrot. In traditional Chinese medicine, burdock root in combination with other herbs used to treat sore throats, tonsillitis, colds, and even measles. [11] The fleshy tap-root can grow up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) deep.[9]. Or learning new words is more your thing? Recipe: Burdock Root & Yams. A popular Japanese dish is kinpira gobō, julienned or shredded burdock root and carrot, braised with soy sauce, sugar, mirin and/or sake, and sesame oil. [9], The flowers are purple and grouped in globular capitula, united in clusters. The root was traditionally used in Britain as a flavouring in the herbal drink dandelion and burdock, which is still commercially produced. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! ), Burdock roots contain mucilage, sulfurous acetylene compounds, polyacetylenes and bitter guaianolide-type constituents. It increases the risk of premature labor as well. It is naturalized almost everywhere and is usually found in disturbed areas, especially in soil rich in nitrogen. Fermentation of the root by Aspergillus oryzae is also used for making miso and rice wine in Japanese cuisine.