The flowers are arranged in a dense spherical inflorescence 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.38 in) in diameter on a short peduncle. The shrub prefers full sun to partial shade. Common Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalus) Plants. occidentalis. It branches frequently and has a bushy appearance. This plant is deciduous, losing its leaves for 1 or 2 months in winter. Rush to Claim Your Buttonbush! They are used to determine whether a plant is likely to be perennial in your area. Posts about Buttonbush written by Mary Anne Borge. Along the stem are small appendages (haustoria), modified roots that penetrate the host plant and draw moisture and nutrients from it. Cuttings will produce roots in moist sandy soil. Native Buttonbush Shrubs - Cephalanthus occidentalis, commonly called buttonbush shrubs, button-willow and honey-bells, is a North American native flowering shrub.Tolerant of wet soils, the button bush grows well in pond and low lying areas where the soil may stay damp or wet.Excellent choice for rain gardens and woodland gardens. [5] It is a member of the flora in the Everglades. Good sources of information about plants that will work well in your area include Attracting Native Pollinators by Mader, Shephard, Vaughan, Black and LeBuhn; Bringing Nature Home by Douglas W. Tallamy, the North American Butterfly Association website, and your … Ducks and other birds including jays, cardinals, nuthatches, titmice, warblers, and mockingbirds consume the seed. The plant tolerates water as deep as 3 feet. Foliage is a rich glossy green with red veins with bronze/burgundy/yellow tones in fall. It is a member of the flora in the Everglades. Buttonbush flowers are studded all over with prominent, round-headed pistils, which makes them look like pincushions. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Cephalanthus occidentalis has a number of historical medicinal uses, but it is also toxic due to the presence of cephalathin.[5][8]. There are two varieties, not considered distinct by all authorities: Buttonbush is a common shrub of many wetland habitats in its range, including swamps, floodplains, mangrove, pocosin, riparian zones, and moist forest understory. Cephalanthus occidentalis is a deciduous shrub or small tree that averages 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) in height, but can reach 6 m (20 ft). Find more plants and strategies to attract good insects and wildlife to your garden with Jessica Walliser's Attracting Beneficial Bugs to Your Garden. It can grow as a tree up to 20 feet but is usually a small shrub up to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. As one of the few shrubs that blooms in midsummer, and one that can tolerate shade, wet conditions, and even occasional flooding – you’d be … Button bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) grows well in wet, poorly drained soil where few other garden plants thrive. A lone buttonbush served as a landmark on an old trans-San Joaquin Valley trail, and was used by ancient Yokut Indians as a meeting place. In it, I learned the importance of preserving the host plants for butterflies and other pollinators. The fruit is a spherical cluster of achenes (nutlets).[4]. Native plants are all the rage in the plant world (apart from new hydrangea cultivars), and rightfully so―they are well adapted to our climate and zone, and serve as a host for a variety of insects, birds, and other wildlife. Rhabdophaga cephalanthii is a gall gnat who uses buttonbush’s stems to cache its larvae. Forest plants of the southeast and … No pretreatment is necessary. It is a major nectar and pollen plant in the Northeast, the North Central region, the Plains, the West, and the Southeast. Cephalanthus occidentalis is one of our most important plants for hosting the larvae of many different butterflies. Its year-round interest, low maintenance requirements and value to wildlife prompted Nebraska's GreatPlants program to name it as 2015's Shrub of the Year. The Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that does well next to wet areas and can handle full sun to light shade. Buttonbush is a native deciduous shrub or sometimes a small tree with an open, rounded habit which is found growing in moist soils in full sun to part shade. The Buttonbush likes water. It is adapted to shorelines and swamps with saturated soil and full … It is a good choice for pond edges or rain gardens. Buttonbush is a larval host for many species, a notable one being the amazing Royal Walnut Moth (pictured above). The common name may come from a Middle Dutch word meaning the yoke of an egg referring to the yellow color of some of the flowers of Cuscuta. Miller. [5], Waterfowl and other birds eat the seeds. It clings to adjacent vegetation using suckers (haustoria) onits stems. Andy McIndoe's The Creative Shrub Garden. In addition to its attractiveness to butterflies, button bush also serves as a host plant for some of our largest and showiest moths including the titan sphinx (Aellopos titan), the hydrangea sphinx (Darapsa versicolor) and the royal walnut moth (Citheronia regalis). Habit: Buttonbush is a multistemmed deciduous shrub growing six to twelve feet tall and four to seven feet wide. This plant is not only a great source of nectar, but is also a larval host plant for butterflies and the seeds are enjoyed by birds. Besides the eastern United States, and eastern regions of the Midwest, notable areas range into Arizona, the Mogollon Rim, and other mountain ranges; in California, the entire San Joaquin Valley[10] West of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains, only western Texas, Arizona, and California find C. occidentalis. Sugar Shack® Buttonbush is a compact selection of the species that is better suited to restricted spaces, maturing to half the size of the native … The plant is found in most honey producing states. Each flower has a fused white to pale yellow four-lobed corolla forming a long slender tube connecting to the sepals. This plant is hardy in zones 4 - 10 Zones are based on the lowest average temperature an area is expected to receive during the winter. If your zone is equal to or higher than the zone listed for the plant, it will be hardy for you and thrive in your climate. Description Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that is native to much of the USA and is found in all areas of NC. Button bush is a common nectar plant over much of the continental U.S. How to Grow Cephalanthus occidentalus Plants. This is considered to be a particularly important honey plant along the Mississippi River. [11] Buttonbush is a suitable shrub for butterfly gardens. Just be sure to keep it watered through its first season or two. Buttonbush in Bloom – Cephalanthus occidentalis - Viceroy Butterfly Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Nectar rating 1 – 10: 6 Zones: 10 – 5 Height: 12’ and can grow up top 20’, grows very quickly Soil: prefers damp Water: prefers more water, grows along streams Light: Full sun to partial shade Bloom color: white Bloom time: summer… Buttonbush is found in the wild in Maine along streams, pondshores, and rivers, and in swamps and wetlands, often in company with another August-flowering shrub rosy meadowsweet (Spiraea tomentosa). californicus This buttonbush tree is listed as California Historical Landmark No. Buttonbush is a common shrub of many wetland habitats in its range, including swamps, floodplains, mangrove, pocosin, riparian zones, and moist forest understory. Sow seeds into moist, humus soils in full sun or part shade. Lacking chlorophyll and a significant root system, this vineis dependent on its host plants for water and nutrients. Search Google Images [5][8] It is a larval host to the hydrangea sphinx, the royal walnut moth, and the titan sphinx.[9]. The lower branches become woody and brown, while new growth is green or red. Virtues: Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), is a United States–native shrub with so much to offer. Native to the Chicago area and the eastern United States, buttonbush attracts more than 24 species of birds, as well as numerous species of butterflies. The species occurs in eastern North America with disjunct populations occurring in the west. Its stems and trunks usually become twisted with age, giving it an interesting shape that is … USDA Zones 5–10. Cephalanthus occidentalis is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae, that is native to eastern and southern North America. [7] Insects and hummingbirds take the nectar, with bees using it to make honey. Miller, J.H., and K.V. Leaf Lore: The native Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis, is found across eastern North America from Texas to Nova Scotia. The buttonbush will thrive in wet conditions, even in standing water where it can be challenging to find and plant highly ornamental shrubs. Buttonbush is quite adaptable, growing in full sun to part shade and though it naturally grows in swamp-like heads. Dover Publications. Buttonbush is a unique plant that thrives in moist locations. The shrub usually grows from 3-15 feet tall, … Fruit: Fruit is a round, depressed (wider than tall) capsule about 1/8 inch diameter, initially green, brown when mature. The Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that does well next to wet areas and can handle full sun to light shade. Even though this dodder can be found on a variety of host plants, its species name refers to only one of them, the buttonbush (Cephalanthus). However, this shrub is also well adapted to drier bluffs and hillsides, so it can tolerate a dry site. © 2020 Active Interest Media All rights reserved. The shrub usually grows from 3-15 feet tall, … Flowers: In spring, unusual, perfectly round, fragrant flowers appear in white or pale pink with a diameter of one inch. Decoding Gardening Advice by Jeff Gilman and Meleah Maynard. On top of that, it is one of our very best native plants for wildlife according to the USDA Plant Fact Sheet. (https://xerces.org/blog/planting-for-pollinators-button-bush). It is common throughout Missouri, most frequently occurring in wet open areas, low woods, thickets, swamps, upland sink-hole ponds, river bottomland and stream/pond margins (Steyermark). View Norton-Brown Herbarium specimens. Produces an abundance of seed favored by ducks; a good source of nectar for butterflies and bees. Buttonbush is great shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. It gets its name from the one to one and a half inch round clusters of small flowers that resemble pin cushions. Buttonbush cannot tolerate drought, and when you can't plant it near a stream or pond, it must be located where it can be irrigated frequently. In Canada, it occurs from southern Ontario and Quebec east to New Brunswick and south-western Nova Scotia. "[12], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T64310261A67729125.en, californiahistoricallandmarks.com Landmark chl-492, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cephalanthus_occidentalis&oldid=991822727, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:30. Origin: Swamps and wet spots, as well as dry limestone bluffs, throughout the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. Indeed, when we plant a landscape we aren’t just making an area look nice. Listed above and pictured here are just a few of my personal favorites. Seeds and Plant Production Common buttonbush seeds are ready for collection in the fall when they have turned reddish-brown. Host to the mite Aceria cephalanthi. Reddish-brown fruit follows the flowers and persists through the winter. Buttonbush occurs in swamps, ponds, and stream banks throughout Florida. Habit: Buttonbush is a multistemmed deciduous shrub growing six to twelve feet tall and four to seven feet wide. The glossy green leaves and fragrant, round flower clusters during mid-summer attract butterflies. Read on for buttonbush plant info, including a few tips for buttonbush plant care. It flourishes in wet soils which includes flood conditions and shallow standing water. Buttonbush shrubs love garden ponds, rain ponds, river banks, swamps or just about any site that is consistently wet. Foliage: Narrowly oval green leaves are deciduous, emerging in spring. How to grow buttonbush: Buttonbush most frequently occurs in nature where the ground is damp or even wet, so grow it in a similar spot in the garden. Leaves are a larval host for some butterflies. Buttonbush is a somewhat coarse, deciduous shrub with an open-rounded habit that typically grows 6-12 (infrequently to 20) tall. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Madder family (Rubiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is usually 3-8' tall, but sometimes reaches 20' and achieves the stature of a small tree. 492, and is now known as the "Buttonwillow Tree. Buttonbush can handle a wide range of conditions – shade, wet, occasional flooding – making it a great choice for an adaptable, pollinator-friendly shrub. Sort myths from reality and become a more confident gardener with Decoding Gardening Advice by Jeff Gilman and Meleah Maynard. They can take on shades of red in fall. It later became the site of settlers' stock rodeos. Buttonbush is cultivated as an ornamental plant for a nectar source or 'honey plant' and for aesthetics in gardens and native plant landscapes, and is planted on slopes to help control erosion. They are sometimes used in landscaping and are a source of food for ducks and other waterfowl. [6] Deer browse the foliage, which is poisonous to livestock. Jessica Walliser's Attracting Beneficial Bugs to Your Garden. _____________________________________________ Learn to choose the best shrubs for your garden and arrange them in expert fashion with Andy McIndoe's The Creative Shrub Garden. The riparian (riverside), lacustrine (lakeshore), and palustrine (marshy) preferences of buttonbush are in sunny … If youre thinking about planting a rain garden, growing buttonbush is a great idea. 1999. Rather, we are creating an ecosystem. Buttonbush grows as a shrub or small tree. Records: There are 356 records in the project database. This four-season shrub adapts easily to various soil types and provides essential food to bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Its stems and trunks usually become twisted with age, giving it an interesting shape that is appealing when the shrub is bare of leaves in winter. Sugar Shack® Buttonbush has no major insect or disease issues. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis ... host plant for the Buttonwood Sphinx (Darapsa versicolor), terrific rain garden plant, waterbirds & ducks feed on the seeds, clay & sand tolerant, intolerant of drought, mature plants are perfectly happy in standing water … Look for it growing wild near a pond or alongside a stream. The USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program research found that Buttonbush seed … Buttonbush is naturally found in backwater areas such as mud flats, beaver killed timber, slough edges, and mucky swamps that are usually too wet for other perennial species to establish and thrive, but will grow just about anywhere you plant it, including upland sites. Description:This herbaceous parasitic vine is a summer annual that is several feetalong. C. o. var. Host plant to several moths including titan sphinx ( Aellopos titan) and hydrangea sphinx ( Darapsa versicolor) moths. New York. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, elliptic to ovate, 7–18 cm (2.8–7.1 in) long and 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in) broad, with a smooth edge and a short petiole. Long, projecting styles give the flower heads a distincti… Occasional browsing of the leaves by insects is no cause for concern. It typically grows to 10 or 20 feet tall. In North America the common buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) is the best-known member of the genus and can reach up to 6 metres (20 feet) high in marshes and swamps. It gets its name from the one to one and a half inch round clusters of small flowers that resemble pin cushions. Buttonbrush plants are named for their fragrant creamy white spherical flowers. Water birds eat buttonbush seeds. Leaves are a larval host for some butterflies. The stigma protrudes slightly from the corolla. Season: Cephalanthus occidentalis has year-round garden interest, with spring flowers, summer and fall foliage and a form and fruit that shine in winter. Bees also love buttonbush, giving it the second nickname “honeyball.” Bees, hummingbirds and butterflies use the flowers as a nectar source. Wood ducks utilize the plant as nest protection, and mallards eat the fruit. Site buttonbush in full sun to light shade and any soil type. View taxon at iNaturalist. Tiny, tubular, 5-lobed, fragrant white flowers appear in dense, spherical, long-stalked flower heads (to 1.5 diameter) in early to mid-summer. C. o. var. Links: View species at Maryland Plant Atlas. The town of Buttonwillow, California was named for the buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis). Common names include buttonbush, common buttonbush, button-willow and honey-bells. In addition to its appeal for butterflies, buttonbush also serves as a host plant for some of our largest and showiest moths including the titan sphinx (Aellopos titan) and the hydrangea sphinx (Darapsa versicolor). , round flower clusters during mid-summer attract butterflies great idea much to offer shades of red in.... Read on for buttonbush plant info, including a few of my personal.. Love garden ponds, and is now known as the `` Buttonwillow.... Pond edges or rain gardens white or pale pink with a diameter of one inch to make.. 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