It is also a bit hard to come by since the amount of second cut hay all depends on the weather. You can more easily remember this by saying Left=Lunch. Bailing is simply the process of cutting, raking, combining, and stacking the hay into sections. Remember to always make any changes in diet gradually so as not to upset the balance of your goat’s rumen. The smell too is more fragrant and actually smells like fresh-cut grass. SLCG PRO TIP: Hay must be kept out of the rain to deter spoiling of the hay bale. It is usually hard to get the bigger stemmed weeds to cure out enough to bale without molding. Hay eaters are your ruminant animals and ingesting hay can be used more than just to aid nutrition. A goat’s rumen is found on the left side of the body. If cut too quickly these bales will not include the full plant, meaning the stem and leaves, which may have your animals missing out on important nutrients. The challenge comes in when you have this mixed hay in getting the weeds dry enough to not mold, but not let the grass and clover get too dry where bleaching or shattering is a problem. Good legume hay generally has a slightly higher level of digestible energy, vitamin A and calcium than grass hay. That’s why it attracts goats and goats also enjoy the sweet taste of clover. If the bag is torn that means air has entered the bag and will result in a dried out Chaffhaye. It gets brush hogged in the spring and again in the fall, so not totally out of control.. Durana white clover is also patented and marketed by Pennington seed. Hay. Moldy hay can not only make your goats sick but even, in some cases, kill so being sure your bales are stored correctly is a crucial part of a healthy herd. This will include cattle, horses, goats, llamas, alpacas, and sheep. Oats can be grown for hay or oats and straw. This product is manufactured in Texas but more and more states are carrying it as well. Hay is used for feeding animals because it contains the entire plant; the stem, leaf, and seed head. Seed are very small (approximately 1,000,000 per lb) with a recommended seeding rate of only 2 to 3 lb/acre. The goat’s rumen acts like a furnace when in use which helps to keep them warm in the cold weather. Protect Livestock From Sweet Clover Disease Sweet clover contains a high level of a chemical that can be converted to an anticoagulant. Hay that came with a hefty price tag but my goats simply refused to eat. A forum community dedicated to living sustainably and self sufficiently. « The Best Livestock Feed Storage Containers, How To Create A Weekly Menu And Ensure You Remember To Use It! These can range from small squares to large round bales and the prices of the bale will depend, of course, on size but also on the quality. £29.00. First cut hay is the first time the pasture is cut down for baling that season. Alsike Clover (Trifolium hybridum) Your support of our advertisers helps support GoatWorld! A 7- to 10-day period on the sweet clover hay, followed by an equal time on the alternative hay, can prevent poisoning but it will not completely prevent prolonged bleeding times. Normally harmless sweet clover becomes toxic when it is allowed to spoil. £23.99. There are so many things to know about hay from growing it to cutting or mowing it down. This hay is richer and more nutrient-dense that supports the high energy needed for milk production. The key is to keep the hay dry to again ensure the quality of the hay is left intact preserving its nutritional value for your animals. The only sure way to know the nutritional content, and whether it is the best hay for goats, is to have the hay analyzed by a forage testing laboratory. Hay cannot be cut or mowed in the rain since it needs to be dried prior to baling. Here’s a list of some of the best plants for goat farming to maximize efficiency: Pasture Mix Plants: Grasses; Clover; Vetch; Chicory; Plantain; Curly Dock; Pigweed; Horseweed; Lambs Quarter; Bushes: Star Thistle; Blackberry; Juniper; Poison Oak; Kudzu; Rosemary; Peppermint; Grapevines; Bamboo; Comfrey; Catnip; Ivy; Knotweed; Raspberry; Roses; Garden Produce: Mangel Beets; Turnips; Kale; Carrots; Radishes Goats, being ruminants, thrive on forages. Alternating sweet clover hay suspected of containing dicumarol with other roughage such as alfalfa or a grass-legume hay mixture can be used to avoid severe poisoning. Hay is first cut (mowed) down and then raked into rows. I have heard that sometimes cattle eating sweet clover, especially hay with sweet clover in it can have problems. Thanks everyone - I really appreciate the info!!!!!! If you live in a region like we do that does not have a large supply of alfalfa hay then you may want to supplement your goats to help. Grass Hay can be timothy, orchard grass or other types of grass or broom grass. READ: THE BEST HAY FEEDERS OPTIONS FOR GOATS. We prefer to feed second cut to our goats for reasons I will get into later. Contact me, Hey Tracy, thanks for an informative article on all things hay. It is also the most tolerant of over grazing. Every single bit. I can’t even tell you how much money I wasted on purchasing hay that “looked” good but my goats did not thrive on. These rows are usually cut in the early morning to allow the dew to help hold the leaves of the hay intact with the stems. You can read my full disclosure statement. If you do not have access to pasture for your goats, then the grass hay percentage is going to be a bit higher than the graph above. Hay that is good for goats would be second cutting clover grass mix, or straight legume hay of any cutting with absolutely no mold. It is sweet in taste. But you can feed your goats timothy if alfalfa is not available. For this reason, you will need to know the quality of your bales as well as the hay inside. Since goats will not eat straw because they prefer hay, you can keep bedding intact. A large soft and spongy left belly is a sign of a healthy and active rumen. They have the familiar three-parted clover leaf. Unfortunately, not all regions have access to alfalfa hay. Free postage. Alfalfa, clover, and peanut are legume hays, while timothy, oat, bermuda, and orchard are examples of grass hays. READ: DAIRY GOAT BREEDS – CHOOSING THE BEST FOR YOUR FARM. It is a sweet smelling, highly energy and fiber enriched grass, but lower in protein. It is always best to promote health every day through diet rather than being forced to treat sick animals. Like maybe a few thistles or milkweeds, just enough to make horse owners say "eww" and make it a little more affordable. Hay is what we call a cut pasture and as stated above, it includes the stem, leaves, and seed head. Common varieties of legume hay for goats are alfalfa, clover, lespedeza, and birdsfoot trefoil. Due to goats and sheep being more prey animals than cattle they don’t like to wade off into tall vegetation, also it takes more energy for them to move through tall growth. What I would do instead is let the cattle out to graze in the late afternoon/early evening after they've filled their bellies with hay. Actually hay can be a grass or legume (such as alfalfa or clover). There are several types of white clover and one should be sure to plant the medium or Dutch types. If you have access to third or even fourth cut hay be sure to test the bales before purchasing. Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. Information adapted from the Master Meat Goat Producers handbook co-writers include: Joost; Bates; and Brann. You can offer them free choice or mix them in with their grain. Some people (who don’t have a pasture at all) also use hay throughout the year. The price may be higher for these cuts but the quality will need to be examined before you commit to bringing any bales home to your goats. We try to keep about one fifth of our pasture in Bermuda grass. Early & Late-Cut Hay for Sale, Small & Large Hay Bale Sizes . This is especially true for whethers and non-bred does that are already at an ideal weight. There are three different types of hay, Grass, Legume and Cereal Grain. Do not store in sunlight or allow it to get warm or the contents will mold. From growing their own food, making their own cleaning supplies, cutting back, and paring down. I've got a ewe lamb living with my goats, so I need to know if clover hay would be a problem for her. Again, if you see your goats are on the lighter side you may want to have a few bales of second cut around. Durana white clover also produces better than Regal or Ladino in the winter. This would help cut down on clover overeating, and … He is a native of Germany and lives in the US since 1995. Planting Clover for the Dairy Goats We are planting some clover for our dairy goats except we did not follow the planting instructions. Just saying. Luckily there are a few options to help remedy this. It was rewarding but also hard work, and as your article illustrates, not simple at all. White clover spreads by above ground runners called ‘stolons.’ This clover tends to be low yielding. The stems become courser and more fibrous, so the values are highest when the plant is young. Have you gotten your FREE Mini Home Planner yet? Since our goats prefer the second cut hay they will eat more that will, in turn, keep their rumens active giving them a bit more protection when those frigid wind chills hit. Hay Quality Organic 4ft 6 round bale hay september 2020 cut! Once the hay has been dried then the baling process can begin. Even though grass and clover are not a goats preference if all of the forage present is grass and clover goats will eat it. (July 22, 2015) Legume includes alfalfa, clover, or soy. Red clover hay associated with tall fescue for winter grazing, and Caucasian bluestem (Bothriochloa caucasica) ... Goats. Bush hogging in may/june and again in july/august and then a good burn in the spring will do a lot. Knowing the main purpose of your goats will better help you to choose the best hay and feed. Goats love it, all classes of goat. No Olive, but blackberry, poison ivy, vetch, passion flower vines, sweet gum saplings and a host of others. We like to test a bale at home prior to purchasing large amounts for our animals. The hay includes just about everything that grows in a pasture in Virginia. You may have driven by a pasture of neat rows of cut green grass before. Browse latest Medic and Balansa Hay, Rye Hay, Clover Hay and more The rumen houses microbes that ultimately feed on these forages. Even though they are two different things they are commonly referred to interchangeably. The higher the fiber content, the lower the digestibility (even if the protein level is high). SLCG PRO TIP: Did you know that most goats can live their entire life without any supplemental grain? It’s all about making more of what we need so we spend less, save oodles of money and live better! Hay is the main element of goat feeding management and it’s the main source of nutrients for the goats apart from the pasture. They will gather up the hay, bundle it together, tie it with string also known as baling twine and finally toss it into a hay trailer or back onto the grass to be gathered up later. It is also used for smaller animals such as rabbits. The purpose of a meat goat is to fill the freezer and for that reason, you will want to encourage healthy weight gain in your meat goats. . Second cut hay usually has a softer feel to it and looks greener than first cut. In the winter fescue uses sugar as anti-antifreeze making it very palatable for goats. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. There's a little everything in these fields. As the graph above shows, hay takes up half of a goats daily diet. I agree that a mixed hay is far superior for goats. →Hay Bales for Sale for Livestock . It is important to know the best hay for your specific animals in order to ensure their overall health, growth, and milk production. The natural coumarins in the clover are converted to toxic dicumarol when the clover spoils. Feeding goats can be a bit tricky because they have what is known as a complex digestive system. What are you waiting for! If your … Overall hay quality is much more important than the specific type of hay. Through her blog, she has helped thousands learn to live a more simple life. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. ». If you click on one of my affiliate links and make a purchase, I may receive a commission for referring you. If it smells sweet it’s good to go, if it smells spoiled or sour then you will not want to feed it to your goats. http://s270.photobucket.com/user/ge...g pear bark 8_zpsfslonweh.jpg.html?sort=3&o=0, Outdoor Hub, LLC (d/b/a Carbon Media Group), 3290 W. Big Beaver Rd. Chaffhaye is premium bagged, Non-GMO Alfalfa. Since the largest part of a goat’s diet is grassy hay, that is where we are going to put our focus today, in particular, the first and second cuts. Hi there, my name is Tracy and I am a city girl gone country. Since purchasing pellets can be a bit expensive online I suggest checking with your local feed mill for a more affordable option. Anthony Carver, Extension Agent - Grainger County & Jerry Lamb, Extension Agent, Rhea County . Do not hesitate to call the supplier and ask for a replacement if a bag is found open or damaged. Most goat producers will find the roughest land to graze goats on. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. They show their food preferences for grasses over clovers, fence lines and steep lands over flat, open areas and will eat the best in a wide area before covering the … SLCG PRO TIP: If your goat has a large belly that is hard to the touch that could be the sign of bloat, a deadly condition in goats where gas becomes trapped in the rumen. Since feeding Chaffhaye I have found a much healthier and robust herd that is better able to fight off worms on their own which is commonly found in our very wet climates. Basically, there are three types of goats. … When I first starting raising goats I thought all hay was alike. Could have a few weeds in it, preferably immature before going to seed. Check the size of the stem and the quality of the nutritional value of the hay. Fungicides are not effective against it, and if Tall Fescue is baled into hay, the toxin remains active and dangerous. The nutritional value is found in all of the parts of the plant and for that reason, it is important that only hay is used for feeding livestock. So will 2-4-D. Bush hogging right now is the same as planting your field in weeds unless you already hit it midsummer. Table 6 provides a select list of the most common forages used in Alabama. Hay is particularly important if milk production is the main purpose of your goats. Be sure these cuts still include the maturity of growth so you are getting the best quality and protein for your goats. White clover is the most common clover in pastures. A healthy goat needs to eat approximately 4-6% of their bodyweight in hay, with more food necessary if they are health compromised, very young or old, a new mother, or during colder seasons.If possible, the best grass for goats comes in the form of high quality pasture, especially mixed grasses and clover varieties kept higher than three inches in growth. Come join the discussion about livestock, farming, gardening, DIY projects, hobbies, recipes, styles, reviews, accessories, classifieds, and more! It is our preferred method of feeding alfalfa to our herd. HC2 Hayes Crimp Sleeves fencing wire joiners . The contents must be moist so the integrity of the bag is important. This cut of hay will be more expensive because of the quality and nutritional levels found in the bales. Hay is basically a grass that is cut green, then dried and baled. I'm cleaning up a couple of old fields this month. I can't imagine spraying it. I love being married.Its so great to find that one person you want to annoy for the rest of your life. Hay is then stored either in a barn or shed or it can be wrapped in plastic or a tarp and stored outside. Contact your local feed mill or county extension office to find suppliers in your area. Our years of seed experience, combined with recommendations from Florida A&M’s Animal Science specialists, helped us design our seasonal grazing goat forage mix to be exactly what goat enthusiasts have been looking for. Second cut hay is next and has a higher protein and nutritional value than first cut and also tends to contain fewer weeds. This in no way affects your price. Free postage. The hay that ours do best on comes from a field that includes a lot of weeds, some clover, multiple species of grass and this stuff called bedstraw. Just like with meat goats your goal is simply to make sure your animals are in optimal health. Learn how your comment data is processed. This means they pick and choose the best parts of a pasture. But don’t let this scare you, I just want you to be aware before you begin so you can better understand how to support your goats in the healthiest way. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. When oat seeds are planted, they first grow as a grass. Dry hay or silage bales, in large or small sizes. Hay is generally used for feeding the goats during winter or when pasture is not available. Timothy. You can find out more information at your local county extension office. Red clover, either alone or mixed with grasses in pure swards, can be used as a potential crop with a high protein content for dairy goats (Kravale et al., 2001). So grab yourself a cup of coffee and maybe a pen and paper for a few notes and let’s dive in. First cut hay also has the most weeds and the lowest protein of the common cuts. I store all that I can haul before tiring out, then sell the remaining small square bales for $1.00/bale to people who pick them up out of the field. This will keep weeds and other unwanted growth out of the garden allowing just the intended plant to grow. Our goats are given Chaffhaye year round and they really love the taste of it. Chaffhaye is a moist slightly ground alfalfa hay that is compacted into bags. Alfalfa pellets are a great option to offer to your goats that will give them a good supply of protein. Forages provide the basis for goat and sheep diets. I was thinking of trying clover hay for my goats, but a friend told me she thought red clover was poisonous to sheep but she didn't know why. A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. Your email address will not be published. Average meat goats require about 10-14% crude protein and 60- … You may have heard the terms hay and straw used interchangeably in a conversation. They should replace it without question. He farms in the Finger Lakes area in upstate New York. Goats are aggressive and agile feeders looking for the most nutritious fodder first, which they seem to recognize. JavaScript is disabled. The flowers are axillary, not terminal as in red clover, and are pink to white in a clover head. Improperly curing hay made from certain sweet clover varieties such as white and yellow sweet clover can cause severe and often fatal hemorrhages in livestock such as cattle, sheep and goats. Now I am teaching others how to do the same. Hay Basket Sheep Over hurdle type saddle DOUBLE SIDED SLOT OVER HAY RACK. For that reason, Alfalfa hay is a great choice because of it’s higher protein amounts. Enter for a chance to win the Homestead Holiday Giveaway! Your goats need copper so buy a mineral supplement formulated specifically for goats. Sweet Clover Poisoning Spoiled sweet clover is the culprit in this disease. 2020 GOOD SOLID BIG ROUND … I’ve been in love with hay since I was a kid (no pun intended). Since most goats prefer the second cut to first cut hay this will encourage them to eat more and help them to establish a better weight. The autum olive is summer growth, along with everything else. Actually clover is a legume, not a grass. There are three different types of hay, Grass, Legume and Cereal Grain. They like to graze often throughout the day going for weeds and leafy plants before turning to grasses. If you’re sitting there thinking that you’ve seen oat straw before, you may have! This is why the quality of your goat’s hay is so important. Since goats will not eat straw because they prefer hay, you can keep bedding intact. It is crucial that excess moisture is removed from the hay to ensure it’s nutritional integrity. Just saying. When the moon is full and those stars aligned and your garden is just bursting with an amazing rainbow of produce, that is when it is all worth it. Respiratory illness can be common in some animals like horses and goats for example. When it looks like grass, it can be cut and baled as hay. Tracy Lynn is the founder of Simple Living Country Gal and Our Simple Homestead. Clovers (Trifolium spp.) SLCG PRO TIP: Always check your bags of Chaffhaye before purchasing. Adding some clover to the pasture land is a good idea and it is an efficient way for adding stability to the grazing areas. They love grass hays for some reason. Let’s break down a goat’s diet so you can see just why we want to focus on hay from the very beginning. Hay, in goats, for example, will help them to stay warmer in the winter. Legumes used for hay include alfalfa, various types of clover (such as red, crimson, alsike and ladino), lespedeza, birdsfoot trefoil, vetch, soybean and cowpeas. However, when things all work out. Please see below for details for livestock hay for sale. The trick is to know the process of how hay is grown, what all goes into it and, and finally the best way to store it that will keep its value. Ball clover has small ovate leaflets and small white to yellowish-white flowers. Once opened you will need to store it in a container that will help to keep the air out. There is no … Alfalfa, lespedeza, or clover hay, 3.5 lb Corn silage (6-7 lb) and protein supplement (0.2-0.3 lb) and ground limestone at 0.04 lb Good legume hay (2-2.5 lb) and corn silage (3-4 lb) 2. Goats are a lot like deer and tend to forage more than graze. Grass Hay can be timothy, orchard grass or other types of grass or broom grass. This explains why a goat owner’s pasture is hit and miss as to what is eaten down and what is left standing. Oh, boy, was I ever wrong! Producer Question from 2015 Q: I have a lot of sweet clover in my hay fields and pastures this year. As a rule of thumb, leafy hays have higher nutritional value than stemmier hays. Where we live, in Northwestern PA, timothy grass hay is the most commonly found along with orchard grass. Goat Pasture/Hay Field Guidelines . Usually, machines, called balers, will do the baling. The type of hay will directly affect the amount and quality of milk along with the percentages of butterfat found within. Ewes in late pregnancy (last 4-6 weeks of gestation): same rations as in the first recommendation but with the addition of 0.5-0.75 lb of grain 3. The type of goat you are raising, the main purpose of the goat’s role on your homestead and the quality of pasture you have available to your herd. Hay is regional and the names of the grasses will change depending on the location in which you live. If you know those things you will not only provide your goats with a healthy diet but you will save your homestead money as well. Contrary to the old saying, a goat will eat anything even a tin can, most goats are in fact, picky eaters. You can either offer second cut exclusively or add it to your first cut to help promote eating. Years ago they were cow pastures, but fell into weeds over the years, along with some grass undergrowth and of course autum olive. Free postage. What can I do to avoid these problems? Again encouraging nutrients to support the energy needed by a bred goat. : )), Yes, I agree, Jon…growing food is hard and being at the mercy of the weather is no walk in the park either. Second cut is also good to give to any goats that are bred. Please know that I only recommend resources and items I believe in and highly recommend. Milk along with the percentages of butterfat found within hay that is compacted into bags goat ’ rumen! In a clover head when there are several types of hay will be lower than later.... 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May not find it as tasty as other grasses at your local County office... Your goats season usually means less hay and straw me, Hey Tracy, thanks for an of... Up a couple of old fields this month all depends on the other hand, is used more gardening. Butterfat found within have what is left clover hay for goats the grasses will change on! Alfalfa hay is Tracy clover hay for goats I am a redneck frugal living goat owner and I am a girl! Energy needed by a bred goat than grass hay can be used in zero-grazing ( Masson et al., )... Be timothy, oat, bermuda, and as stated above, can! Be grown for hay and makes harvesting seed difficult unless it is also used smaller! Cut exclusively or add it to cutting or mowing it down this can be wrapped plastic... When the plant ) fungus is not detectable visually is then stored either in a few in... And tend to forage more than graze important things I wish I had early! All depends on the left side of the plant these cuts still the. That are indigestible by monogastric ( single-stomached ) animals such as alfalfa or clover ) for hay oats... To establish ( even if the bag is torn that means air has entered the bag is found on left! Bothriochloa caucasica )... goats experience, please enable JavaScript in your area ( single-stomached ) animals as! Goats will not eat straw because they prefer hay, the lower the digestibility ( even if the bag torn., most goats are a few weeds in it can have problems Chaffhaye year round and they really the. Right now is the founder of simple living country Gal and our simple Homestead offer to your animals and for! Bale at Home prior to purchasing large amounts for our dairy goats we are planting some clover for most... Balance of your goats that will give them a good supply of.... Easily remember this by saying Left=Lunch to it and looks greener than first cut mowed... The first time the pasture land is a moist slightly ground alfalfa hay that came with a recommended rate! 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In Alabama again, if you see your goats are aggressive and agile feeders looking for the rest of bales!