fROCOCO CHARACTER Architects who were renowned for their constructions using the style include Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, an Italian architect who worked in Russia and who was noted for his lavish and opulent works, Philip de Lange, who worked in both Danish and Dutch Rococo architecture, or Matthus Daniel Pppelmann, who worked in the late Baroque style and who contributed to the reconstruction of the city of Dresden, in Germany. The Rococo period in Europe is also a period when America's Founding Fathers were born—George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams. No need to register, buy now! As Germans started partying like the French, the Rococo became popular amongst German aristocrats and nobility. Fischer’s austere, dignified facade of the church at Diessen (1732) and his masterpiece of integrated painting, decorative stucco, sculpture, and architecture, the Benedictine abbey of Ottobeuren (1744), are landmarks of the Bavarian Rococo. This was unlike the emphasis on light and dark lighting of the Baroque era upon neutral colors. Belvedere Palace in Vienna, Austria was designed by architect Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt (1668-1745). By the 1500s, the region had become a destination for Christian believers in healing miracles, and local religious leaders encouraged and perpetuated the draw of outside pilgrims. Madame de Pompadour, the mistress muse of King Louis XV, died in 1764, and the king himself died in 1774 after decades of war, aristocratic opulence, and the blooming of the French Third Estate. ... Rococo Architecture (1715-89) During the last phase of Baroque, the reign of King Louis XV of France witnessed a revolt against the earlier Baroque … While elaborate Baroque architecture is found in France, Italy, England, Spain, and South America, the softer Rococo styles found a home throughout Germany, Austria, Eastern Europe, and Russia. Compare the intricacies of the c. 1740 oval chamber shown above at France's Hôtel de Soubise in Paris with the autocratic gold in the chamber of France's King Louis XIV at the Palace of Versailles, c. 1701. 3. Among the most famous include the Catherine Palace in Russia, the Queluz National Palace in Portugal, the Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces in Brühl, the Chinese House in Potsdam, the Charlottenburg Palace in Germany, as well as elements of the Château de Versailles in France. In Spain and her colonies the elaborate stucco work became known as churrigueresque after the Spanish architect José Benito de Churriguera (1665-1725). The Rococo has been the focus of much discussion, analysis and … Zimmermann was enlisted to build gathering places for miracles, but his reputation rests on only two churches built for the pilgrims—Wieskirche in Wies and Steinhausen in Baden-Wurttemberg. Baroque and Rococo Art and Architecture Robert Neuman Professor of Art History, Florida State University PEARSON Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Contents PrefC1ce 10 Public Religious … Baroque vs. Rococo Architecture We’ve been harping on and on about how the Baroque and the Rococo styles are closely related to each other, barring a few minor points of distinction. His designs were made of exotic materials and become very famous. Where the Baroque favoured dramatic, bold, contrasting colours, the Rococo championed more gentle, delicate shades of gold, white and pastel palettes. It was a much lighter style of architecture than the dark heavy Baroque style and emphasized by … During the 17th century, Baroque architecture spread through Europe and Latin America, where it was particularly promoted by the Jesuits. Baroque and Rococo Art (Italian text by AnnaLisa Limardi - Translation & adaptation by Domenico Russumanno). Inside Wieskirche, the Bavarian Church by Dominikus Zimmermann. Although Rococo was largely confined to interior decor and decorative arts in Western Europe, Eastern Europe was infatuated by Rococo stylings both inside and outside. Probably their most famous work is Church of St. John Nepomuk, also known as, Asamkirche, which is located in Munich. Probably their most famous work is Church of St. John Nepomuk, also known as, Asamkirche, which is located in Munich. The application of gold was purposeful. ... One of the most famous examples of the Rococo interior that survives today was created … Italian porcelain candlesticks decorated with fish, shells, leaves, and flowers were common designs from the 18th century. Explore the architectural movement known as the Rococo in this lesson, and discover what this style meant to wealthy, party-loving Germans of the 18th century. Hallmarks of Rococo influence are ornate styling, light colors, and gold trim. Paintings in the Rococo tradition lend Parisian flair and graceful whimsy to any space. Artists working in this frivolous aesthetic built upon the flamboyance of the Baroque period, adapting its awe-inspiring aesthetic to produce equally extravagant yet distinctively playful works of art.. Amalienborg is the winter home of the Danish royal family, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark. With a predominantly Catholic populace and an imperial past, it should come as no surprise that Vienna is one of the… Called Rococo, the lavish style combined the delicacy of French rocaille with Italian barocco, or Baroque, details. The Rococo movement was an awakening in the world of art, producing new types of paintings and sculptures that the world had never seen before. It began to evolve in 18th-century France, and was primarily seen as a comeuppance which compensated for the Baroque-inspired Château de Versailles. Architecture Timeline - Western Influences on Building Design, A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, Architecture for our Spirit and Soul - Sacred Buildings, Architecture in France: A Guide For Travelers, Biography of King Louis XIV, France’s Sun King, The Amazing Architecture of Spain's Alhambra, Architecture in Vienna, a Guide for Travelers, Art History 101: A Brisk Walk Through the Art Eras, Biography of Louis XV, Beloved King of France, Renaissance Architecture and Its Influence, Age of Reason (also known as the Enlightenment, Doctor of Arts, University of Albany, SUNY, M.S., Literacy Education, University of Albany, SUNY, B.A., English, Virginia Commonwealth University. Renowned for the lighthearted nature of its fine and decorative art, the Rococo style flourished in 18th-century France. Unseen in this detail is the image of a dog, the symbol of faithfulness, sitting at the feet of the virtues. The influence of French Rococo can be seen here in the sculpted alabaster by Ignacio Vergara Gimeno after a design by architect Hipolito Rovira. oAsam Brothers were sculptors, stuccoists, painters, and architects, who working together, became one of the most influential ambassadors of the Rococo style. The original painting hanging in London's National Gallery personifies the four virtues on the left—fortitude, justice, temperance, and prudence. It was France's Pre-Revolutionary time of growing secularism and continued growth of what became known as the bourgeoisie or middle class. Rococo-Style Archiects. Colors were often light and pastel, but not without a bold splash of brightness and light. Famous Rococo Buildings 1. Paintings with allegorical subject matter were common by artists who were not bound to aristocratic rule. Rococo Architecture (1715-89) During the last phase of Baroque, the reign of King Louis XV of France witnessed a revolt against the earlier Baroque style of Louis XIV's court, and the emergence of a more decorative, playful style of architecture, known as Rococo. Rococo is the famous architectural style from ancient era. Read more about the movement on the Rococo Overview page. Excessively flamboyant and characterised by a curved asymmetric ornamentation and a use of natural motifs, Rococo was a style without rules. Meaning "total works of art," it describes the architect's responsibility for both the exterior and interior design of their structures—the construction and decoration. Shapes. Contents • Baroque Sculptors • Rococo Sculptors Related Articles Neoclassical Sculptors (1750-1850). Jul 26, 2016 - Explore Mo Youssef's board "rococo architecture style" on Pinterest. The three best-known Rococo painters are Jean Antoine Watteau, François Boucher, and Jean-Honore Fragonard. The frolicsome, lively, and playful Rococo style initially showed itself with interior design and decorative work as a response to the unbending nature of the Baroque style,.In French, the word salon just means lounge room or parlor, and Rococo salons allude … A principal current, generally known as Rococo, refined the robust architecture of the 17th century to suit elegant 18th-century tastes. In that 5-year period, Cuvilliés really brought the Rococo into Germany. The architect enlisted his older brother, the fresco master Johann Baptist, to meticulously paint the interior of this pilgrimage church. Compared with the Baroque, Rococo architecture tends to be softer and more graceful. The Basilica of Saint-Denis, France. Marble Hall is in the upper palace. Artists and architects deviated from the Baroque style through a complex approach. One questions whether the German stucco masters were builders of churches for God, servants of Christian pilgrims, or promoters of their own artistry. Athens, Greece: Classical. Andreas von Einsiedel/Corbis Documentary/Getty Images. This made structures look more grandiose. Your building needs to be able to fulfill its […] She is the author of two books on home decor and sustainable design. In Spain, elaborate details were added throughout the years to both ecclesiastical architecture like Santiago de Compostela and secular residences, like this Gothic home of the Marquis de Dos Aguas. The Amalienburg is an elaborate hunting lodge in the grounds of Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, southern Germany. This style of architecture was introduced in Europe during 18th century. In French, the word rocaille refers to rocks, shells, and the shell-shaped ornaments used on fountains and the decorative arts of the time. Amalienborg was originally built for four noble families; however, when Christiansborg Palace burned on 26 February 1794, the royal family bought the palaces and moved in. The 18th-century Bavarian Pilgrimage Churches by this stucco master are studies in two faces of architecture—or is it Art? François Boucher (1703-1770) is known today as the painter of boldly sensuous goddesses and mistresses, including the goddess Diane in various poses, the reclining, half-naked Mistress Brune, and the reclining, naked Mistress Blonde. Gesamtkunstwerke is the German word that explains Zimmerman's process. Excessively flamboyant and characterised by a curved asymmetric ornamentation and a use of natural motifs, Rococo was a style without rules. The Lower Belvedere was built between 1714 and 1716 and the Upper Belvedere was built between 1721 and 1723—two massive Baroque summer palaces with Rococo era decorations. The aesthetic idea proposed by the Rococo style is a … oAsam Brothers were sculptors, stuccoists, painters, and architects, who working together, became one of the most influential ambassadors of the Rococo style. By 1756 it was expanded in size and glory specifically to rival the Versailles in France. In Britain, upholstery was lively and bold, such as English decorative art, walnut settee with Soho tapestry, c. 1730.
3. Due to resistance of the citizens, the brothers were forced to make the church accessible to the public. mage source: AMT 200. The manifestation of the Biblical cherub became the mischievous, sometimes naughty putti in paintings and the decorative arts of the Rococo time. This is a list of the most popular Rococo art pieces, so art enthusiasts will likely recognize the names of the famous artists who created these pieces. Rococo Style Architecture on the National Ceramics Museum in Valencia, Spain. According to abouthome.com, In French, the word rocaille refers to rocks, shells, and the shell-shaped ornaments used on fountains. Rococo emerged in France in the 1720s and remained the predominant design style until it fell out of fashion in the 1770s. Photo by Vittoriano Rastelli/CORBIS/Corbis Historical/Getty Images (cropped) In ecclesiastic architecture, Baroque additions to Renaissance interiors often included an ornate baldachin (baldacchino), originally called a ciborium, over the high altar in a church.The baldacchino designed by Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) for the Renaissance-era St. Peter's Basilica is an icon of Baroque … The local competition for stucco artists was to use the pasty plaster to transform craft into decorative art. The Rococo style embodies light and beauty and is inspired by nature, people, curved lines and light colours. Shown here is a marquetry detail from the Minerva and Diana commode by Thomas Chippendale, 1773, considered by some to be the English cabinet-maker's finest work. The Walt Disney style was right on the button. The Rococo was not applied to exterior architecture as was the Baroque, but was an expression of art and the interior. The Baroque extended to encompass all aspects of arts and design, from architecture to sculpture and painting, whereas the Rococo never fully took hold in architecture. The period between 1715 and when Louis XV came of age in 1723 is also known as the Régence, a time when the French government was run by a "regent," who moved the center of government back to Paris from the opulent Versailles. Rococo style had its inception in France, unlike the Baroque that had beginnings in Italy than moved to other parts of Europe. This palatial complex is quintessential Rococo, with the use of pastel tones, rich decorations, asymmetric patterns and gold leaf and is the second-largest museum in the world. Catherine I, Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death in 1727, was one of the great women rulers of the 18th century. Dominikus Zimmermann was born June 30, 1685 in the Wessobrunn area of Bavaria, Germany. It was a more fluid and florid elaborate style, comprising ornate, asymmetric designs and pastel shades. According to abouthome.com, In French, the word rocaille refers to rocks, shells, and the shell-shaped ornaments used on fountains. Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images. In Rococo, shapes were complex and not symmetrical. It is said that Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, highly disapproved of the Rococo extravagance. The Baroque extended to encompass all aspects of arts and design, from architecture to sculpture and painting, whereas the Rococo never fully took hold in architecture. The aesthetic idea proposed by the Rococo style is a continuation of late Baroque art. A Research on Architectural Styles Trough Out The Ages by Einstein Schwartz Gaspar Maulad ROCOCO Rococo or "Late Baroque", is an 18th-century artistic movement and style, which affected several aspects of the arts including painting, sculpture, architecture, interior design, decoration, literature, music and theatre. Rococo comes from the French words for rocks (rocaille) and shells (coquilles) and evolved from the baroque style. Out went the grand, regimented Baroque style he had favored and in came an artistic movement that optimistically embraced the lighter side of life: Rococo. Patterns were intricate and details delicate. oDominikus and Johann Zimmermann are Bavarian … ... another magnificent example of Rococo architecture in St. … Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Wies Church, Germany (circa 1740 … Architects also used ivory white and gold. Classical architecture refers to the style and design of buildings in … It was constructed in 1734-1739 by François de Cuvilliés, in Rococo style, for the later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII and his wife, Maria Amalia of Austria.... St. Johann Nepomuk, better known as the Asam Church is a church in Munich, southern Germany, built from 1733 to 1746 by the brothers Egid Quirin Asam and Cosmas Damian Asam as their private church. MAIN A-Z INDEX. Rococo Architecture found its growth between 1730 and 1760. In this lesson you will learn about the major characteristics and contexts of the Rococo period of architecture, as well as some of the most famous buildings from that time period. Rococo style had its inception in France, unlike the Baroque that had beginnings in Italy than moved to other parts of Europe. Amalienborg is the winter home of the Danish royal family, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark. It's not surprising to discover that the fairy tale La Belle et la Bête was retold in a 1740 French publication—the era of the Rococo. Baroque architecture is a construction style that began in the 16th century during the Baroque era. ... Heinrich Ernst Schirmer who is famous from working with the interior of the Royal Palace in Oslo. The 1740 renovation happened during the rise of Rococo in Western architecture, which is a treat for the visitor to what is now the National Ceramics Museum. While both movements are known for their richly decorated architecture styles, Rococo has elements all of its own: think curves, pale colors, and secular, light-hearted themes. Baroque decoration was commonly applied to church interiors. Lists and galleries of some of the most famous, interesting, and beautiful buildings around the world and throughout history. Shapes. Rococo in Paris. Disney's candlestick character Lumiere in particular looks like the work of French goldsmith Juste-Aurèle Meissonnier (1695-1750), whose iconic candélabre, c. 1735 was often imitated. Architecture History The Development of Building Designs: Famous Architects. The Rococo style emerged In eighteenth-century Europe, pervasive in interior decoration, painting, architecture, sculpture, and the decorative arts. The 1717 painting detail shown here, Les Plaisirs du Bal or The Pleasure of the Dance by Jean Antoine Watteau (1684-1721), is typical of the early Rococo period, an era of changes and contrasts. Rococo architecture came about as a reflection of the times. For more about architectural design, see: Rococo Architecture. 850 BCE to CE 476 — Classical. Rococo art and architecture was feminine, graceful, florid and ornate. Jean-Honore Fragonard (1732-1806), a student of Boucher, is well-known for creating the quintessential Rococo painting—The Swing c. 1767. Paintings are characterized by the use of soft colors and fuzzy outlines, curved lines, detailed ornamentation, and a lack of symmetry. Patrons of the arts were not exclusively royalty and aristocrats, so artists and craftsmen were able to market to a wider audience of middle-class consumers. Characteristics of Rococo include the use of elaborate curves and scrolls, ornaments shaped like shells and plants, and entire rooms being oval in shape. In Spain and her colonies the elaborate stucco work became known as churrigueresque after the Spanish architect José Benito de Churriguera (1665-1725). But one of the very best examples of Baroque architecture in Valencia is the Marqués de Dos Aguas Palace, which now houses the González Martí National Museum of Ceramics and Decorative Arts. This type of construction adopted the Roman way of architecture but instead modernized it to a new fashion with an aim to show the might of the Roman Catholic Church.Baroque architecture was used to signify the wealth and power of the Catholic Church. Rococo architecture was exemplified above all by French architects Nicolas Pineau and Jules-Hardouin Mansart (1646-1708) who designed interiors for the royal Château de Marly, and by Jean Courtonne and Germain Boffrand. mage source: AMT 200. Rococo architecture used a lot of pastels. French furniture made between 1715 and 1723, before Louis XV came of age, is generally called French Régence—not to be confused with the English Regency, which occurred about a century later. Vivid colours were replaced by pastel shades; diffuse light flooded the building volume; and violent surface relief was replaced by smooth flowing masses … This entry was posted on Monday, February 18th, 2008 at 9:40 am and is filed under Famous Paintings , Rococo . Rococo architecture used a lot of pastels. The Rococo, not as commonly. Upon the death of King Louis XIV, the notion of the "divine right of kings" came under question and a new secularism was unveiled. Time Unveiling Truth (Detail), 1733, by Jean-François de Troy. The Rococo, not as commonly. • The "Veiled Dame (Puritas) by Antonio Corradini (1722) Bavaria, lock, royal castle, king Ludwig II, rococo lock, architectural style, rococo, architecture, room, bed, art, culture, grace notes, place of interest, ... Potsdam is anice city with a famous Rococo and Baroque Old Town Fountain of Sultan Ahmed III (Turkish Rococo style), Istanbul, Turkey. Rococo Rococo, also known as ‘late Baroque ’, was an extreme, decorative development of Baroque architecture that emerged in the 18th century as a reaction against grandeur and symmetry. Rococo in Italy Around the same time as Rococo was beginning in France, in the early 18th century, Italians began to become more interested in the work of Francesco Borromini, the baroque architect. See more ideas about Architecture, Rococo, Architecture fashion. The Basilica of St Denis, located in a suburb of Paris, is widely … The palace named for her near St. Petersburg was begun in 1717 by her husband, Peter the Great. Visiting the architecture and world-renowned ruins in Athens is like taking … Boucher, François. Rococo Artists & Architects. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) composed not only for Austrian royalty but also for the public. His most famous work is Dresden Castle. List of famous Rococo artwork, listed alphabetically with photos when available. In 1715, the royal court was moved to Paris, and the Rococo style spread to the city. The death of Louis XIV in 1715 signaled a time for a fresh start in the minds of Paris’ taste-making aristocracy. This is the Amalienburg, a hunting lodge on the grounds of the Nymphenburg Palace in Munich, built for Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII and Maria Amalia of Austria, his wife. List of famous Rococo artwork, listed alphabetically with photos when available. The effect is similar to parquetry, a way to create designs in wood flooring. In France, the Empire style corresponds to English Regency. "The Reason which had begun to occupy such an important place in the philosophy of the time," Hamlin writes, "has become the guiding light of architecture.". "Illusion, in fact, is what the Bavarian rococo is all about, and it applies everywhere," claims historian Olivier Bernier in The New York Times, "Although the Bavarians were, and remain, devoted Catholics, it is hard not to feel that there is something deliciously nonreligious about their 18th-century churches: more like a cross between salon and theater, they are full of amiable drama.". The king had, after all, ruled for 72 years and 110 days, longer still than any modern European monarch. Julian Elliott/robertharding/Getty Images. Les Plaisirs du Bal or Pleasures of the Ball (Detail) by Jean Antoine Watteau, c. 1717. Architects also used ivory white and gold. Along comes Father Time, who reveals his daughter, Truth, who in turn pulls the mask from the woman on the right—perhaps the symbol of Fraud, but certainly a being on the opposite side of the virtues. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz. Jul 26, 2016 - Explore Mo Youssef's board "rococo architecture style" on Pinterest. The setting is both inside and outside, within grand architecture and opened to the natural world. Watteau's landscape is of the time, anticipating the time to come. Biographies and analysis of the work of famous Rococo artists and architects. Art done in the rococo style reflects the trends of late 18th-century Paris, France. List of famous buildings in the Rococo movement, listed alphabetically with photos when available. The Rococo was not applied to exterior architecture as was the Baroque, but was an expression of art and the interior. Rococo: 8 of 634 Total Artists. Both churches have simple, white exteriors with colorful roofs—enticing and non-threatening to the common pilgrim seeking a healing miracle—yet both interiors are landmarks of Bavarian Rococo decorative stucco. Highly decorative walls and ceiling in an oval chamber, looking up toward an ornate chandelier. Julian Elliott/robertharding/Getty Images. Colors are pale and curving shapes dominate. There are a lot of historic Rococo structures around the world, so why not save some money and check them out here without having to pay for travel? After the death of Louis XIV, Rococo style progressed as aristocratic power moved away from the Palace of Versailles. This made structures look more grandiose. The Rococo movement was an awakening in the world of art, producing new types of paintings and sculptures that the world had never seen before. It is characterized by delicate but substantial ornamentation. Look at the out… Rococo rooms were designed as total works of art .
Each room was covered with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry all complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. Rococo architectural style is sometimes viewed as feminine, and it dominated interior architecture. Professor Talbot Hamlin, FAIA, of Columbia University, has written that the 18th century was transformational in the way we live—that the homes of the 17th century are museums today, but dwellings of the 18th century are still functional residences, practically built to a human scale and designed for convenience. These popular Rococo buildings attract visitors from all over the world, so if you're ever near them you should definitely pay them a visit. Zimmerman's first success, and perhaps the first Rococo church in the region, was the village church in Steinhausen, completed in 1733. Compared to the order, refinement and seriousness of the Classical style, Rococo was seen as superficial, degenerate and illogical. The Age of Enlightenment culminated in revolution—both in France and in the new America—when reason and scientific order dominated. During the 1700s, a highly ornamental style of art, furniture, and interior design became popular in France. Painting was an essential part of the Rococo movement in France, and the noted painters who led the style, Antoine Watteau followed by François Boucher, influenced all elements of design from interiors to tapestries to fashion. Rococo describes a type of art and architecture that began in France in the mid-1700s. The subject matter of paintings from this period grew bolder—some of it may even be considered pornographic by today's standards. Baroque and Rococo Art and Architecture Robert Neuman Professor of Art History, Florida State University PEARSON Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Contents PrefC1ce 10 Public Religious … Examples of Rococo Architecture. Marble Hall in Upper Belvedere Palace, Vienna, Austria. Some wear bright clothing and others appear darkened as if they were escapees from a 17th century Rembrandt painting. Rococo architecture, as mentioned above, was a lighter, more graceful, yet also more elaborate version of Baroque architecture, which was ornate and austere. These … Not everyone was charmed by Rococo, but these architects and artists did take risks that others previously had not. Painters of the Rococo era were free not only to create great murals for grand palaces but also smaller, more delicate works that could be displayed in French salons. However, it influenced throughout Europe in the disciplines of painting, sculpture, music, furniture, and architecture. If Steinhausen was the first, the 1754 Pilgrimage Church of Wies, shown here, is considered the high point of German Rococo decoration, complete with an allegorical Door of Heaven in the ceiling. Wessobrunn Abbey was where young men went to learn the ancient craft of working with stucco, and Zimmerman was no exception, becoming part of what became known as the Wessobrunner School. It followed the Baroque style and was known for its feminine curves, intricate designs, and flamboyance. Famous Rococo artists include Boucher, Watteau and Fragonard, amongst several others. Rococo Architecture Structures reflect function – this is the basic rule of architecture. In Britain, Queen Anne and late William and Mary styles were popular during the French Régence. It consists of four... 2. The painting shown here, Time Unveiling Truth in 1733 by Jean-François de Troy, is such a scene. Items ranging from mall scale ornamental pieces to full scale architectural masterpieces. Ideals of democracy fueled this Age of Reason (also known as the Enlightenment) when society was becoming liberated from its absolute monarchy. The citizenry was not beholden to the new King Louis XV, who was only five-years-old. Hallmarks of Rococo influence are ornate styling, light colors, and gold trim. The same "mistress pose" is used for a painting of Louise O'Murphy, close friend to King Louis XV.