In more recent years the popularity of the breed has decreased, with it ranked 15th most popular by the American Kennel Club in 2005.  The English breed is also slightly larger, being between 14.5–15.5 inches (37–39 cm) in height.. Spaniels have become a part of history in stories by Chaucer (1342-1400), Shakespeare (1564-1616), and even played a part in England’s separation from the Catholic Church when Lord Wiltshire’s cocker spaniel bit Pope Clement VIII on the toe. Arnold Palmer is a 4 1/2 yr old Neutered Male Poodle/Cocker Spaniel Mix. Trish is breeding her spaniels for the qualities the original American cocker spaniels had--well bred hunting dogs, like their English counterparts. This indiscriminate breeding has increased the proliferation of breed related health issues in certain bloodlines. In addition, there are some marked differences between it and its English relative. As a breed, cocker spaniels are prone to a number of conditions which can affect their health. Breeders would use a sharp pair of shears for the task. The prototypes of modern cocker spaniels were Obo (1879), predecessor of today's English cocker spaniel and Obo II, considered father of American cocker spaniels. All Cocker Spaniel found here are from AKC-Registered parents. Tail docking does have effects on the animal.  Initial research shows that both conditions appear to be inheritable.. Breed for the love of the breed and breed the cockers we all know and love. This was a major decision for a four year old little girl! Obo is considered by breed enthusiasts to be the father of the modern English Cocker Spaniel, while his son, Ch. Cocker Spaniels are known for their sophisticated looks and long, luscious locks fit for a shampoo commercial. Uno, a lovable Cocker Spaniel who still possesses a ton of energy, may be the new Guinness Book of World Records holder for World’s Oldest Dog. American hunters found great sport with spaniels at their side as written by Jeff Griffen (1964). Ear inflammations are common in drop-eared breeds of dog, including the American Cocker, and luxating patellas and hip dysplasia have been identified in some members of the breed. I found this to be a very frustrating one but well worth the effort.  The first Cocker Spaniel recorded in America was a liver and white dog named Captain, who was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1878. Since these dogs' lifespan is 12-15 years, a senior Cocker Spaniel is one 9-10 years old or older. Please make sure you have printed and read this checklist fully. The black variety is either all black, or with tan points on the dog's head, the feet and the tail in a pattern called black and tan. The word spanyell is thought to date from the late 12th century when it was used to name a type of dog imported into England from Spain, with the span part of the word referring to the country of origin. Fortunately, the English cocker spaniel has changed little over the years; health disorders and temperament are not so much an issue. Bench shows in England were confusing as pups would be entered as cockers one year and springers the next year as they grew larger. However, they proved to be the worst breed tested when it came to manipulating objects with their paws, for instance uncovering a dish of food or pulling on a string. But the price of fame was high for this little spaniel. , American Cocker Spaniels have won best in show at the Westminster Dog Show on four occasions, with the first win in 1921 by Ch. Obo II, was born around this time. In 1952, an American Cocker Spaniel became a household name when United States Senator Richard Nixon made his Checkers speech on September 23. In fact, the public was so enamored with the American cocker spaniel that it held the number one position in the American Kennel Club (AKC) registrations for a solid 16 years in a row; a feat that no other breed has accomplished. Common Cocker Spaniel Health Problems. In fact, the refined Lady in Lady and The Tramp is a Cocker Spaniel! For example, while some breeds may have a paragraph or possibly a half a page describing their eye disorders, the American cocker spaniel has 10 pages according to veterinary eye specialist, Dr. Allen Bacharach. We CAN deliver to Sacramento for a $50 delivery fee. ... Before contacting or visiting the advertiser for this Cocker Spaniel. It is a happy breed with average working intelligence, although by being bred to a show standard it is no longer an ideal working dog.  IQ tests run on a variety of breeds in the 1950s and 1960s showed that the American Cocker performed the best when tested on its ability to show restraint and delayed response to a trigger, a trait which was put down to the breed's bred-in ability when hunting to freeze upon finding a bird before flushing it out on command. What was the public's response? While in extreme cases the dog may have a health condition that is causing his behavior, most owners will find it can be controlled with consistency. During the 17th century, the role of the spaniel dramatically changed as Englishmen began hunting with flintlocks for wing shooting.  In addition, American Cockers coats can come in a pattern known as merle, which is not recognized by the American Kennel Club. A parti-colored American Cocker Spaniel named Dot was one of several dogs owned by Rutherford B. Hayes; and a buff colored dog named Feller caused a scandal for Harry S. Truman when the dog was received as an unwanted gift with the President subsequently giving it away to a White House physician. , American Cockers previously high popularity resulted in the breed frequently being bred by backyard breeders or in puppy mills. Spaniels were especially bred to flush game out of dense brush. The Best Dog Food for Cocker Spaniel Adult ... Egypt is home to some of the oldest dog breeds in the world. " The breed ranks 20th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, a rating that indicates good "Working or Obedience Intelligence", or trainability. Known as the "Merry Cocker", the American Cocker Spaniel breed standard defines the ideal dog of the breed as being "equable in temperament with no suggestion of timidity. Rescuing dogs is something George started doing back in 2010, when he met his oldest cocker spaniel, Einstein. Carmor's Rise and Shine. Breeders of cocker spaniels control the health and temperament of the breed.  The latter is a form of epilepsy which can cause a normally placid dog to engage in sudden and unprovoked violent attacks. The spot on the eye with the cataract is an area the dog cannot see through. If you have a cocker spaniel, therefore, take good care of his/her eyes. This relationship grew when wolves offered man protection in return. The once number one spaniel slipped out of the AKC's top ten altogether. The American Cocker was the most popular breed in the United States during the 1940s and 1950s and again during the 1980s, reigning for a total of 18 years. The reason is quite clear if you ever owned an American cocker spaniel but Jeff Griffren said it best: "The smallest of the sporting dogs, with floppy ears, large, soulful eyes and joyful disposition that always responds to affection, the Cocker Spaniel is one of the most lovable and popular dogs on earth." The English water spaniel (extinct) was used to retrieve water fowl shot down with arrows. Obo was the offspring of a Sussex spaniel sire and a field spaniel dam (field spaniels are related to springers). Perhaps this sounds like a bold statement, but the spaniel flushes his game, thus the hunter is never as completely prepared as he is with a pointing dog, and the bird has an even chance of escape.  In 1968, the KC agreed to have the breed shown in the category "Any variety gundog other than Cocker" and stated that the American Cocker was not a variety of "Spaniel (Cocker)". Credit: Omega . In colors, the roan colors are rarer in the American variety than in the English but the shade of buff which is common in the American is not seen in the English breed at all, although there are English Cocker Spaniels which are considered to be a shade of red. , The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest dog recognized by the American Kennel Club as a sporting dog, being on average between 13.5 and 15.5 inches (34 and 39 cm) high at the withers. 22-Year-Old Spirited Cocker Spaniel Could Be the World's Oldest Dog Apparently born in 1988, Uno’s owners says the elderly pooch often acts “like a puppy”  The breed standard states that size over 15.5 inches (39 cm) inches for males and 14.5 inches (37 cm) for females is a disqualification at conformation shows. Read on to find out what our recommendations are for the best dog foods for Cocker Spaniel. Find Cocker Spaniel dogs and puppies from Pennsylvania breeders. In the 1960s they were shown as a rare breed, which meant that they did not have a show class of their own and could only be shown in variety classes. It appears that "show" cockers suffered most of the effects of poor breeding. He differed greatly from the modern breed, being only 10 inches (25 cm) tall and with a long body, but was considered to be an excellent dog of that era and became a popular sire. Members of the breed suffer from a wide variety of health ailments including problems with their hearts, eyes and ears. It seems tail docking has behavioral effects on dogs as well. The Cocker Spaniel is the smallest member of the Sporting Group. Cocker Spaniel (in USA), Cocker, Merry Cocker. Learn more about Inky. To cocker spaniel breeders I offer this challenge. You forget what it’s like to eat alone. If you are the owner of a cocker spaniel, it is important to keep an eye out for these conditions so you can treat it as soon as possible. The breed is the smallest of the sporting dogs recognized by the AKC, and its distinctly shaped head makes it immediately recognizable. The head has an upturned nose and the ears hang down. The drop ears are long, low set, with long silky fur, and the eyes are dark, large, and rounded. they are also used to little ones. This website gratefully acknowledges Doral Publishing for use of Red Brucie's drawing which appears in The American Cocker Spaniel by Dr. Alvin Grossman ©1988. As a small- to medium-sized breed, Cocker Spaniel growth stages typically span 15-17 months from birth to full maturity.  The breed won the title for the fourth time in 1954 with the victory going to Ch. "The Breed Selector American Cocker Spaniel", "Crufts Dog Show 1960 Catalogue: Non-Sporting and Gundogs", "Report from the Kennel Club/British Small Animal Veterinary Association Scientific Committee", "Cocker Spaniel - Comprehensive Breed Health Survey First Summary Report", "Janelle Monae Joins 'Lady and the Tramp' Live-Action Movie", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=American_Cocker_Spaniel&oldid=995918552, Dog breeds originating in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Parti-colored dogs are white with patches of another color such as black or brown, and includes any roan colored dogs. Other risks include hemorrhage, meningitis, chronic pain or loss of sensation. Obo II. , American Cockers are also prone to canine epilepsy and the related condition known as Rage Syndrome. Midkiff Seductive. The average lifespan of Cocker spaniels is from 12 to 15 years.  In the early 20th century the breeders on either side of the Atlantic had created different breed standards for the Cocker Spaniel and the breed gradually diverged from one another, with the two becoming noticeably different by the 1920s. That is one-half to two-thirds of the tail is removed. It is clear the American public is no longer enamored with their cocker.  The breeds most recent victory came in 2017 when it won the best in show title at Crufts. , The dog considered to be the father of the American Cocker Spaniel was sired by the dog considered to be the father of the English Cocker Spaniel. Hunters such as Jeff Griffen prefer hunting with field-trial bred cocker spaniels as "show" cockers suffer from "shyness and hysteria to a serious degree.". “Alta cocker” is a Yiddish expression meaning “old man” and is how his owner describes his cocker spaniel, Uno, who turned 22 on New Year’s Day. Find Cocker Spaniel Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Cocker Spaniel information. The word cocker is commonly held to stem from their use to hunt woodcock in England, while spaniel is thought to be derived from the breed's origins in Spain. Unfortunately, Cocker spaniels are susceptible to certain health problems, as listed below. Brucie's win in 1940 coincided with the American Cocker Spaniel becoming the most popular breed of dog in the United States, and they would remain the most popular until 1952. Although the number or percent of afflicted dogs is not known, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), glaucoma, and cataracts have been identified in some members of the breed. I have a dog that is a cocker spaniel that is 16 years old in human years and I wanted to know what was the age of the oldest cocker spaniel that made it to the genius book of world records. There were around 100 registrations between 1966 and 1968. I recently went on an on-line adoptable pet database and was disheartened to discover over 1,000 homeless cocker spaniels in the U.S. It seems necessary to explain the practice of tail docking since it has been used on cocker spaniels throughout history. Sadly, Cocker Spaniels are one of the breeds with a higher than usual propensity to develop cataracts.  The American Spaniel Club recommends annual eye exams by a veterinary ophthalmologist for all dogs that are to be used for breeding.  In a 2004 UK Kennel Club survey, the most common causes of death were cancer (23%), old age (20%), cardiac (8%), and immune-mediated (8%). Records from the mid-14th century show that selective breeding was already in place, with the breed being separated into two distinct types, called water spaniels and land spaniels. Inherited cataracts generally appear between the ages of one and four years. Well my cocker spaniel is 16 years old last month April 16, 2009 and he limps around but is still a active bugger. In 1921, an American cocker spaniel became the first of its breed to win Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.