The events of the revolution were a direct result of the growing conflict in World War I, but the significance of an empire collapsing and a people rising up extends beyond the war effort. The events of the revolution were a direct result of the growing conflict in World War I, but the significance of an empire collapsing and a people rising up extends beyond the war effort. Also what is the difference between the first and second russian revolutions of 1917. The Russo-Japanese war was a major factor in starting the revolution in 1905, the whole purpose of the war was to try and stop the thoughts of rebellion by getting the Russian people to rally for their country, however when Russia lost the Russian people lost faith in their country and their tsar because he embarrassed their country and put them in a huge national crisis. Why did Tsarism collapse and due to what reasons did the Bolsheviks triumph in 1917? Pulling Russia out of World War One had a strong negative influence on Russia, but Lenin insisted it was best for the country. One hundred years ago, in the fall of 1917, Communists known as Bolsheviks seized power in Russia. Her favorite official, Rasputin, which means "Degenerate", was a... ...November 9th, 1917 By the time of the Revolution, faith had virtually disappeared in Russian educated circles; among the uneducated, too, faith had declined. Did You Know? He became interested in revolutionary socialistic politics after his brother's execution in 1887. “Bloody Sunday” came at the wrong time, and it came around the time when Russia lost and the government was very vulnerable. Answer Save. Some protestors were killed by troops who eventually began to turn against the Tsarist regime. Why did the Provisional Government exist for mere months, yet the Bolsheviks had consolidated their authority in the country by Lenin’s death in 1924?” It was Dostoevsky, once again, who drew from the French Revolution and its seething hatred of the Church the lesson that “revolution must necessarily begin with atheism.” That is absolutely true. The Russian Revolution started on March 8, 1917, with the so-called “FEBRUARY REVOLUTION” which was named due to Russia’s use of the Julian calendar. ("Anatomy of Revolution Explanation") As taken from the Anatomy of Revolution. March 1917 saw major changes in Russia. The Russian Empire was one of the last absolute monarchies left in Europe. The demonstrators clashed with police resulting in soldiers being called in to stop the revolt on March 11. Here's why it's taken a century for the world to see the Russian Revolution of 1917 clearly, as Sean McMeekin argues in his new book. His leaving was detrimental. Inflation had been so severe through 1916 that the roub… Under his administration Russia and the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state. He refused to share his power and the masses began to question his leadership. It went from 1775 to 1783. With the Tsar in power during Bloody Sunday that formed riots and Government unrest and also the Russo-Japanese War and World War One that left the Russian people humiliated and in disarray. AND . Civil War then broke out in Russia at the end of 1917 between Lenin’s Red Army and the White Army made up of Tsarists, capitalists and socialist opponents of Bolshevism. Lenin’s ideas made sure to appeal both the rural and urban areas as well as the two biggest social groups in Russia. By the time of the Revolution, faith had virtually disappeared in Russian educated circles; among the uneducated, too, faith had declined. 3 Answers. The people of Russian revolted against Ivan the Terrible, who was a selfish, cruel leader. Did You Know? When Marx and Engels set forth the tenets of communism, they predicted that the proletarian revolution and subsequent communism would begin in a country with a large industrial working class, such as Germany or Britain. Due to Russia’s use of the Julian calendar this “Bolshevik Revolution” is sometimes referred to as the “OCTOBER REVOLUTION.”. One hundred years ago, in the fall of 1917, Communists known as Bolsheviks seized power in Russia, ending 1,100 years of imperial rule in the world’s largest nation. Yet something had changed from 1905 to 1917 for Tsarism not to be able to survive the second revolution like it did the first. This was because some members of the what was to become the Bolsheviks, wanted to have a violent revolution, whereas the other members wanted to wait until the capitalist stage of the Marxist theory was complete as Russia was not ready for a proletarian revolution. That is the subject of this lesson. Their ascent to power ended 1,100 years of … "The Sun", "Sun", "Sun Online" are registered trademarks or trade names of News Group Newspapers Limited. The Policy of Russification: Czar Alexander III was not only a despotic ruler but he also followed the … Hope this helps. The people of Russian revolted against Ivan the Terrible, who was a selfish, cruel leader. Rasputin was dead and Lenin was out of the country. The Bolsheviks would rise to the occasion and succeed because of their leader Lenin. This is why we call 8–15 March: The February Revolution, and the Bolshevik coup d’état of 6–8 November: The October Revolution. After this, the Russian Republic became the Russian SFSR and, later, part of the USSR, which dissolved in late 1991. Why did the Russian Revolution happen? The October Revolution marks the inception of the first communist government in Russia, and thus the first large-scale socialist state in world history. Also what is the difference between the first and second russian revolutions of 1917. For the sake of stability, tsarism insisted on rigid autocracy that effectively shut out the population from participation in government. The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike. Its effects were so enormous that it seems impossible that it might not have happened the way it did. Hope this helps. Both years found the country still struggling from a war (one bringing humiliation and the other incomprehension and outrage); both found hostility from the streets directed against perceived governmental incompetence. The February Revolution of 1917 brought the 200-year reign of the Romanovs to a close and ended the Russian monarchy forever. The most significant reason for the fail of the 1905 revolution was the armed forces hadn’t yet become sufficiently disillusioned by the Tsarist regime in the same way that many peasants and working class had. Rasputin was dead and Lenin was out of the country. It removed Russia from the war and brought about the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), replacing Russia’s traditional monarchy with the world’s first Communist state. Pre-existing Conditions that could lead to revolution: This all happened during the First World War in 1917. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. The Anatomy of Revolution is a book by Crane Brinton outlining the "uniformities" of four major political revolutions: the English Revolution of the 1640s, the American, the French, and 1917 Russian Revolution. I was just wondering because it was always in the back of my mind. And yet it nearly didn’t. Timing was very crucial throughout the Revolution of 1905. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought with it the fall of 300 years of Romanov rule and marked the beginning of the transition of Tsarism to Communism, from which Lenin established the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, succeeded by Stalin. When the country industrialised at the turn of the 20th century – which was much later than Western Europe and the US – it accelerated the huge political change which transformed Russia. Soviet Union - Soviet Union - The Russian Revolution: Sometime in the middle of the 19th century, Russia entered a phase of internal crisis that in 1917 would culminate in revolution. In an attempt to quiet the revolutionaries and carefully pulling the components of the building opposition apart from one another, right after the 1905 Revolution the government began to make... ...“Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917? This is why we call 8–15 March: The February Revolution, and the Bolshevik coup d’état of 6–8 November: The October Revolution. The Russian revolution of 1905 could have been avoided if Russian troops did not attack innocent strikers, if the timing for Bloody Sunday was better placed, and if Czar Nicholas II participated more in the protection of the revolution. Vladimir Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist. The Russian Civil War – which saw MILLIONS of people killed – ended in 1923 with Lenin’s army victorious leading to the formation of the Soviet Union. There are lots of different reasons why there was a revolution in Russia - mostly to do with how the country was being run. Between February and October in 1917, two revolutions occurred due to the Governments failing to fulfill the needs of the Russian people. Spellbound. The events of Bloody Sunday triggered nationwide protests and soldier mutinies.A council of workers called the St. Petersburg Soviet was created in this chaos. This all happened during the First World War in 1917. The Russian Revolution happened in 1917. I was just wondering because it was always in the back of my mind. It was Dostoevsky, once again, who drew from the French Revolution and its seething hatred of the Church the lesson that “revolution must necessarily begin with atheism.” That is absolutely true. The Bolshevik party obtained power by total drive of character and the support of the disappointed soldiers, sailors, peasants and factory workers who were organized into Soviets. Tsar Nicholas II, the... ... Why did Tsardom collapse in 1917? The Civil war saw Lenin’s failed War Communism policy and saw the rise of the New Economic Policy (NEP) that reignited agriculture and factories once more. The reasons are to be researched in the impact that World War 1 had on the country, the October Manifesto issued by Nicholas II on 1905, and the loyalty that the population and the Armed Forces were not willing to give the Tsar anymore. Novemember 1917, the beginning of the Strom of the Winter Palace in Russia. Sometime in the middle of the 19th century, Russia entered a phase of internal crisis that in 1917 would culminate in revolution. The Russian Revolution dramatically changed Russia from an autocracy to a communist system of government. The Revolution started during World War I, and eventually the Soviet Union was formed. Why did the Russian Revolution happen? The American Revolution happened first. The End of Tsarist Russia: The Russian Revolution of 1917 put an end to one of the world's longest reigning families, the Romanovs. A struggling economy, the disastrous results of Russia's involvement in World War I against Germany and the dissolution of the Russian parliament caused moderates and radicals alike to call for Nicholas II's abdication. The Russian Revolution was, while a huge economic, social, and political change, the result of a number of different factors that built up over time, including economic, military, […] They grabbed the support of these various social classes by making promises such as: giving land and power to the peasants and they would improve working conditions and lifestyles of those who worked in the industrial cities. The Black Hundreds, a counter revolutionary pro-government terrorist group which also helped the military to hunt down and execute thousands of known reformers. A revolution means to forcibly overthrow a government. The army stayed loyal to the Tsar, crushing revolutionary disturbances and arresting thousands of revolutionaries who opposed the tsar and... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, Microfinancing in South East Nigeria, the Anambra Example. The Bolsheviks and Vladamir Lenin led the uprising - commonly known as Red October - which overthrew the Tsarist rule at the helm of Russia. The rise of Lenin and the Bolsheviks saw their authority being quickly introduced with some major decisions they had made. The Russian Revolution - what was it and why did it happen? The government was taken over by Tsarina Alexandra and her unique counterpart, Rasputin. When the armed forces were called out to quell the uprising, many of the soldiers defected, forcing Czar Nicholas to abdicate and dissolving the imperial government. After rising to a senior figure in the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party he was arrested for sedition and exiled for three years. In this article, I will explain why I draw that conclusion, and how bad the revolution itself truly was. Tsar Nicholas II (r. 1894 – 1917) had complete control over the bureaucracy and the army. His methods dealing with issues also... ...Why did the 1905 Revolution fail? Ill-equipped and poorly led, Russian armies suffered catastrophic losses in campaign after campaign against German armies. No radical party had any part in setting the revolution off; people were suffering and found themselves reunited collectively marching to the Royal Palace, to present a petition to the Tsar. If the shootings never happened the revolution would not have started. For one, the people of the Russian Empire felt exploited due to a series of political, social and economic grievances. During the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks, led by leftist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, seized power and destroyed the tradition of csarist rule. Although it came as a surprise, the failure of the tsarist regime happened for a number of reasons. The war made revolution inevitable in two ways: it showed Russia was no longer a military match for the nations of central and western Europe, and … The Russian Revolution of 1917 is a collective term for two so-called revolutions—one in February and one in October—that occurred in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocratic regime and led to the creation of the Soviet Union and, ultimately, several decades of communist dominance. The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO), Our journalists strive for accuracy but on occasion we make mistakes. They began to riot. It completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia. By the start of 1917, the people of Russia were very angry. Relevance. Spellbound. A CENTURY ago Russia was on the brink of a revolution that would change the course of the country forever. By February 1917, the situation in Russia’s cities had become critical. He did this by developing a set of ideas that would appeal the working class and catch the interest in the Bolshevik party. When Marx and Engels set forth the tenets of communism, they predicted that the proletarian revolution and subsequent communism would begin in a country with a large industrial working class, such as Germany or Britain. The Russians lost the war because of the distance the army had to travel and Japan and more industrialization. She attempted to rule absolutely in her husband’s absence by dismissing and electing officials on a whim. The Russian Revolution took place in 1917, during the final phase of World War I. Why were farmers that had large land either silenced or put to work at the gulags. For the sake of stability, tsarism insisted on rigid autocracy that effectively shut out the population from participation in government. To inquire about a licence to reproduce material, visit our Syndication site. Explanation: The people, tired of autocracy, overthrew Nicholas II. There was no uniting idea, each party had its own visions of Russia ‘moving forward’ and each party only looked to achieve these visions. To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. They were on their way to send a petition to the Czar when the army unloaded on the workers. It marked the change from Czarism to Communism which became the base of the USSR. The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a major factor contributing to the cause of the Revolutions of 1917. For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click this link: thesun.co.uk/editorial-complaints/, Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed, A Bolshevik propaganda poster from October 1917 featuring Vladimir Lenin, Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin overthrew the Russian government in 1917 and then fought and won the brutal Russian Civil War which ended in 1923, Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). The revolution happened in stages through two separate coups, one in February and one in October. Both revolution were spontaneous and started off in the form of peaceful protests. Russia had long been run by despotic czars, and in the early 1900s, peasants began to revolt. Those not actually fighting had to … However, nobody could have predicted what the result would have been, as when Tsar Nicholas II abdicated, there was nobody to assume the position of Tsar, and so 300 years of Romanov rule came to an end. During the Russian Revolution in 1917, a successful party called the Bolsheviks came to power. On November 6 and 7, communist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin overthrew the Duma’s provisional government. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services. One key event in the state of affairs was the separation of the Social Democrats who became known as the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in 1903. Relevance. The Russian Revolution began with the February Revolution in March 1917, when hungry protesters and industrial workers rioted in St. Petersburg. The Tsar contributed to his own downfall; he was observed as indecisive and plainly incapable of performing the role of autocratic Tsar successfully. Its causes were not so much economic or social as political and cultural. Lenin Returns From Exile. March 1917 saw major changes in Russia. Shortages of food and fuel were dire: the capital city, since re-named Petrograd, needed 60 railway cars of food a day but often received barely one-third this amount. Question: Why did the Russian Revolution occur? The First World War had cost Russia millions of lives. The Bolsheviks were born out of Russia’s social democratic party led by Vladimir Lenin. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. It marked the change from Czarism to Communism which became the base of the USSR. The violent revolution marked the end of the Romanov dynasty and centuries of Russian Imperial rule. Even the reasons of their unhappiness were similar in the two protests, and in both cases primarily came as a result of the war (the Russo-Japanese War in the former, and World War 1 in the latter). He was eventually assassinated under orders from Stalin. ...Under many aspects it is arguable that the 1905 Revolution and the March 1917 Revolution in Russia were very similar. Hungry peasants protested on the streets of St. Petersburg along with striking workers. The Russian government was most... ...Explain why the Russia revolution failed? The new government, led by Vladimir Lenin, would solidify its power only after three years of civil war, which ended in 1920. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, was living in exile when the … Many Russians felt that life was hard and unfair. If the Tsarist state had collapsed, as in 1917, the revolution would have inevitably been successful. Tsar Nicholas abdicated the throne a few days after the Duma formed a provisional government on March 12. However, whilst this was happening, another progressive feature of the state of affairs were in motion, the peasants were becoming radicalised, due to unhappiness, the land issue, and the fear of redemption payments. In Russia, the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar) begins when riots and strikes over the scarcity of food erupt in Petrograd. These strikers included men, women and children. Liam Hunt Lenin believed that a leader of the working class had to be one of power with the capabilities of doing things that someone without power could not do. What was the Russian Revolution of 1917 and why did it happen? In addition to this, the Tsar was fully devoted to preserving autocratic rule, but as demand for political reform was increasing, he often reverted to repressive tactics to control this. The Bolsheviks and Vladamir Lenin led the uprising - commonly known as Red October - which overthrew the Tsarist rule at the helm of Russia. The way to a Russian revolution had been cleared. Russia’s decision to enter WORLD WAR I effectively doomed the Tsarist monarchy and sowed the seeds of change in the troubled country. In December 1916, a group of aristocrats attempted to ‘save’ the monarchy from Rasputin by murdering him. 679215 Registered office: 1 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9GF. AND . The Russian people blamed the Tsar for entering the war and getting so many of their young men killed. Major cities such as Moscow and St. Petersburg saw their populations double during this period, which resulted in overcrowding and immense poverty while also creating a new working urban social class. The February Revolution The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917. The black hundreds were extremely dominant as they had the Tsars back. He joined the Bolsheviks just before the 1917 revolution and became a leader within the Communist Party. I n 1917, the Russian calendar had not yet been reformed, so it was 13 days behind other countries. The reign of the Provisional Government was short due to failures to provide land and food to the peasants and also the failure to pull Russia out of World War One caused chaos throughout Russia once more. First, the February Revolution grew out of food riots in the city of Petrograd, now St. Petersburg. The First World War had cost Russia millions of lives. For other inquiries, Contact Us. It was a defining event of the 20th century. By the start of 1917, the people of Russia were very angry. Later that year, however, Nicholas dissolved the Duma and went to the war front. In February 1905, 400,000 workers went on strike due to the response of the bloody Sunday; the strikes were organized by the unhappy workers and were not organized by the revolutionaries. This though was seen as a weakness by Sergie Witte, and... ...The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. In fact, there had been more than one revolution in Russia in the first decades of the 20th century. Although the events of the Russian Revolution happened abruptly, the causes may be traced back nearly a century. Answer Save. There was nothing inevitable about the Bolshevik revolution. The two revolutions of 1917 led to the dismantling of the Tsarist regime, which had governed Russia for centuries, and the formation of the Soviet Union. The Russian revolution actually included two separate revolutions, both in 1917. Leon Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary, theorist and Soviet politician. Why? Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics. He led a failed opposition against the rise of Joseph Stalin - Lenin's successor - in the 1920s but was removed from power. However, their enthusiasm was not enough to sustain them and the army suffered many casualties and loss of artillery supplies. A largely significant factor was the Wars, and the effect they had both on the troops and the Home Front. It supported the formation of a new political group called the union of Russian people, which lead to the pro-government terrorist group. The Russian Revolution was a brutal, horrible, and excessively bloody event fought for nothing but the changing of power to even more sinister hands. It was a defining event of the 20th century. 3 Answers. 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